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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Zhang, Guowei; Horn, Webb H; Sanchez, Daniel (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-12)
    We present Coup, a technique to lower the cost of updates to shared data in cache-coherent systems. Coup exploits the insight that many update operations, such as additions and bitwise logical operations, are commutative: ...
  • Grosse, Roger Baker; Salakhutdinov, Ruslan; Freeman, William T.; Tenenbaum, Joshua B. (AUAI Press, 2012-08)
    The recent proliferation of richly structured probabilistic models raises the question of how to automatically determine an appropriate model for a dataset. We investigate this question for a space of matrix decomposition ...
  • McMichael, Joseph G.; Maymon, Shay; Oppenheim, Alan V. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-11)
    Uniform quantizers are often modeled as additive uncorrelated noise sources. This paper explores the validity of the additive noise model in the environment of time-interleaved A/D converters. Cross-channel quantizer error ...
  • Robbel, Philipp; Roy, Deb K. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-12)
    This paper describes a new approach to object recognition for active vision systems that integrates information across multiple observations of an object. The approach exploits the order relationship between successive ...
  • Choi, Myung Jin; Lim, Joseph Jaewhan; Torralba, Antonio; Willsky, Alan S. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-08)
    There has been a growing interest in exploiting contextual information in addition to local features to detect and localize multiple object categories in an image. Context models can efficiently rule out some unlikely ...
  • Ebert, Markus A.; Liebler, Stefan; Tackmann, Frank J.; Tackmann, Kerstin; Zeune, Lisa; Moult, Ian James; Stewart, Iain W (American Physical Society, 2016-09)
    If a new high-mass resonance is discovered at the Large Hadron Collider, model-independent techniques to identify the production mechanism will be crucial to understand its nature and effective couplings to Standard Model ...
  • Dahlburg, Jill; Amatucci, William; Brown, Michael; Chan, Vincent; Chen, James; Cothran, Christopher; Chua, Damien; Dahlburg, Russell; Doschek, George; Egedal-Pedersen, Jan; Forest, Cary; Howard, Russell; Huba, Joseph; Ko, Yuan-Kuen; Krall, Jonathan; Laming, J. Martin; Lin, Robert P.; Linton, Mark; Lukin, Vyacheslav; Murphy, Ronald; Rakowski, Cara; Socker, Dennis; Tylka, Allan; Vourlidas, Angelos; Warren, Harry; Wood, Brian (Molecular Diversity Preservation International, 2010-05)
    Recent advances in space-based heliospheric observations, laboratory experimentation, and plasma simulation codes are creating an exciting new cross-disciplinary opportunity for understanding fast energy release and transport ...
  • Wang, Sheng; Zhai, ChengXiang; Peng, Jian; Cho, Hyunghoon; Berger Leighton, Bonnie (Oxford University Press, 2015-06)
    Motivation: Systematically predicting gene (or protein) function based on molecular interaction networks has become an important tool in refining and enhancing the existing annotation catalogs, such as the Gene Ontology ...
  • Buljan, Hrvoje; Ilic, Ognjen; Kaminer, Ido Efraim; Lahini, Yoav; Soljacic, Marin (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2016-01)
    Conventional methods of manipulating particles with light, such as optical tweezers and optical tractor beams, rely on beam-shaping to realize complex electromagnetic field profiles and are thus sensitive to scattering. ...
  • Zhang, Guowei; Chiu, Virginia; Sanchez, Daniel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016-12)
    Hardware speculative execution schemes such as hardware transactional memory (HTM) enjoy low run-time overheads but suffer from limited concurrency because they rely on reads and writes to detect conflicts. By contrast, ...
  • Schwarz, J. P.; Spackman, J. R.; Perring, A. E.; Coe, H.; Liu, D.; Clarke, A. D.; Wang, Xuan; Heald, Colette L.; Ridley, David Andrew (Copernicus GmbH, 2014-10)
    Atmospheric black carbon (BC) is a leading climate warming agent, yet uncertainties on the global direct radiative forcing (DRF) remain large. Here we expand a global model simulation (GEOS-Chem) of BC to include the ...
  • Choi, Myung Jin; Chandrasekaran, Venkat; Willsky, Alan S. (Association for Computing Machinery / ACM Digital Library, 2009-06)
    We consider Gaussian multiresolution (MR) models in which coarser, hidden variables serve to capture statistical dependencies among the finest scale variables. Tree-structured MR models have limited modeling capabilities, ...
  • Kirmani, Ahmed; Colaco, Andrea B.; Wong, Franco N. C.; Goyal, Vivek K. (Optical Society of America, 2011-10)
    Range acquisition systems such as light detection and ranging (LIDAR) and time-of-flight (TOF) cameras operate by measuring the time difference of arrival between a transmitted pulse and the scene reflection. We introduce ...
  • Jiang, Hai; Hemann, Michael; Yaffe, Michael B.; Reinhardt, H. Christian (Landes Bioscience, 2009-10)
    Emerging data suggests that synthetic lethal interactions between mutated oncogenes/tumor suppressor genes and molecules involved in DNA damage signaling and repair can be therapeutically exploited to preferentially kill ...
  • Zhao, Boyang; Srinivas, Raja Ram; Creixell Morera, Pau; Pritchard, Justin Robert; Tidor, Bruce; Lauffenburger, Douglas A; Hemann, Michael (Elsevier, 2016-02)
    The prevailing approach to addressing secondary drug resistance in cancer focuses on treating the resistance mechanisms at relapse. However, the dynamic nature of clonal evolution, along with potential fitness costs and ...
  • Meuler, Adam J.; McKinley, Gareth H.; Cohen, Robert E. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-12)
    Appropriately structured topographical features that are found in nature (e.g,, the lotus leaf) or that are produced synthetically (e.g., via lithography) can impart superhydrophobic properties to surfaces. Water beads up ...
  • Imperiali, Barbara; Jaffee, Marcie Beth (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011-08)
    The central enzyme in N-linked glycosylation is the oligosaccharyl transferase (OTase), which catalyzes glycan transfer from a polyprenyldiphosphate-linked carrier to select asparagines within acceptor proteins. PglB from ...
  • Claudel, Matthew; Massaro, Emanuele; Santi, Paolo; Murray, Fiona E; Ratti, Carlo (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-06)
    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source ...
  • Deng, D. S.; Nave, Jean-Christophe; Liang, X.; Johnson, Steven G.; Fink, Yoel (Optical Society of America, 2011-08)
    A new class of multi-material fiber that incorporates micrometer-thickness concentric-cylindrical sheets of glass into polymer matrix has emerged. The ultimate lower limit of feature size and recent observation of interesting ...
  • Calmon, Flavio P.; Varia, Mayank; Medard, Muriel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-11)
    The principal inertia components of the joint distribution of two random variables X and Y are inherently connected to how an observation of Y is statistically related to a hidden variable X. In this paper, we explore this ...
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