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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Medard, Muriel; Zeger, Linda M.; Barros, Joao; Christiansen, Mark M.; Duffy, Ken R.; Calmon, Flavio du Pin (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-10)
    We present a new information-theoretic definition and associated results, based on list decoding in a source coding setting. We begin by presenting list-source codes, which naturally map a key length (entropy) to list size. ...
  • Fedynyshyn, Theodore H.; Krohn, Keith E.; Goodman, Russell B.; Kingsborough, Richard P. (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-03)
    We have developed a processing method that significantly reduces the number of steps necessary to yield a surface that directs block copolymer assembly. This methodology employs a single resistless lithography step that ...
  • Krohn, Keith E.; Goodman, Russell B.; Kingsborough, Richard P.; Fedynyshyn, Theodore H. (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-03)
    We have developed a processing method that significantly reduces the number of steps necessary to yield a surface that directs block copolymer assembly. This methodology employs a single resistless lithography step that ...
  • Graham, Peter W.; Ismail, Ahmed; Saraswat, Prashant; Rajendran, Surjeet (American Physical Society, 2010-03)
    We present a simple solution to the little hierarchy problem in the minimal supersymmetric standard model: a vectorlike fourth generation. With O(1) Yukawa couplings for the new quarks, the Higgs mass can naturally be ...
  • Chang, Chi-Ming; Lin, Ying-Hsuan; Shao, Shu-Heng; Wang, Yifan; Yin, Xi (Springer-Verlag, 2014-12)
    We study tree level scattering amplitudes of four massless states in the double scaled little string theory, and compare them to perturbative loop amplitudes in six-dimensional super-Yang-Mills theory. The little string ...
  • Kleiner, Mario; Redcay, Elizabeth; Dodell-Feder, David; Pearrow, Mark J.; Mavros, Penelope L.; Saxe, Rebecca R.; Gabrieli, John D. E. (Elsevier, 2010-01)
    Cooperative social interaction is critical for human social development and learning. Despite the importance of social interaction, previous neuroimaging studies lack two fundamental components of everyday face-to-face ...
  • Ratti, Carlo; Britter, Rex E.; Resch, Bernd; Mittlboeck, Manfred; Girardin, Fabien (International Academy, Research and Industry Association, 2009-01)
    Environmental monitoring faces a variety of complex technical and socio-political challenges, particularly in the urban context. Data sources may be available, but mostly not combinable because of lacking interoperability ...
  • Sahu, Satyajit; Ghosh, Subrata; Fujita, Daisuke; Bandyopadhyay, Anirban (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-12)
    As we bring tubulin protein molecules one by one into the vicinity, they self-assemble and entire event we capture live via quantum tunneling. We observe how these molecules form a linear chain and then chains self-assemble ...
  • Xu, Feng; Sridharan, BanuPriya; Durmus, Naside Gozde; Wang, ShuQi; Yavuz, Ahmet Sinan; Gurkan, Umut Atakan; Demirci, Utkan (Public Library of Science, 2011-04)
    Decellularization and cellularization of organs have emerged as disruptive methods in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Porous hydrogel scaffolds have widespread applications in tissue engineering, regenerative ...
  • Charoenlap, Nisanart; Shen, Zeli; McBee, Megan E.; Muthupalani, Sureshkumar; Wogan, Gerald N.; Fox, James G.; Schauer, David B. (American Society for Microbiology, 2011-12)
    Helicobacter cinaedi, a common human intestinal bacterium, has been implicated in various enteric and systemic diseases in normal and immunocompromised patients. Protection against oxidative stress is a crucial component ...
  • Lin, Jinrong; Podsiadlowski, Ph.; Nelson, L.; Paxton, B.; Todorov, P.; Rappaport, Saul A. (IOP Publishing, 2011-04)
    We have computed an extensive grid of binary evolution tracks to represent low- and intermediate-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs and IMXBs). The grid includes 42,000 models which cover 60 initial donor masses over the range of ...
  • Durrant-Whyte, H.; Roy, Nicholas; Abbeel, P. (MIT Press, 2012)
    In this paper we develop methods for maximizing the throughput of a mobility-on-demand urban transportation system. We consider a finite group of shared vehicles, located at a set of stations. Users arrive at the stations, ...
  • Sage, Jeremy M.; Kerman, Andrew J.; Chiaverini, John (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    We demonstrate loading of ions into a surface-electrode trap (SET) from a remote, laser-cooled source of neutral atoms. We first cool and load ∼10[superscript 6] neutral [superscript 88]Sr atoms into a magneto-optical trap ...
  • Ray, M. C.; Guzman de Villoria, Roberto; Wardle, Brian L. (Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, 2009-01)
    A novel shortfiber composite in which the microscopic advanced fiber reinforcements are coated with radially aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is analyzed in this study. A shear-lag model is developed to analyze the load ...
  • Kenstowicz, Michael (Linguistic Society of Korea, 2010-06)
    With the development of a “constraints and repair” approach to phonological computation, the field has seen a renewed interest in loanword adaptation. The task of the adapter is to make the loan conform to the segmental, ...
  • Skow, Bradford (Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan Library, 2008-10)
    Local versions of the (special) principle of relativity say that if the same type of experiment is conducted in two isolated, unaccelerated laboratories, then the outcomes of those experiments must be the same. Global ...
  • Khan, Sheraz; Gabrieli, John D. E.; Hamalainen, Matti S.; Moran, Joseph M.; Gramfort, Alexandre; Shetty, Nandita R.; Kitzbichler, Manfred G.; Ganesan, Santosh; Lee, Su Mei; Tager-Flusberg, Helen B.; Joseph, Robert M.; Herbert, Martha R.; Kenet, Tal (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-01)
    Long-range cortical functional connectivity is often reduced in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but the nature of local cortical functional connectivity in ASD has remained elusive. We used magnetoencephalography to measure ...
  • Serbyn, Maksym; Abanin, Dmitry A.; Papic, Z. (American Physical Society, 2013-09)
    We construct a complete set of local integrals of motion that characterize the many-body localized (MBL) phase. Our approach relies on the assumption that local perturbations act locally on the eigenstates in the MBL phase, ...
  • Franchini, Fabio; Cui, Jian; Amico, Luigi; Fan, Heng; Gu, Mile; Korepin, Vladimir; Kwek, Leong Chuan; Vedral, Vlatko (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    In some many-body systems, certain ground-state entanglement (Rényi) entropies increase even as the correlation length decreases. This entanglement nonmonotonicity is a potential indicator of nonclassicality. In this work, ...
  • Peterfreund, R. A.; Eskandar, E. N.; Cash, S. S.; Purdon, P. L.; Lewis, Laura D.; Ching, Shinung; Weiner, Veronica S.; Brown, Emery N. (Oxford University Press, 2013-07)
    Burst suppression is an electroencephalogram pattern that consists of a quasi-periodic alternation between isoelectric ‘suppressions’ lasting seconds or minutes, and high-voltage ‘bursts’. It is characteristic of a profoundly ...
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