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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Schiller, Peter H. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2010-08)
    In the retina, several parallel channels originate that extract different attributes from the visual scene. This review describes how these channels arise and what their functions are. Following the introduction four ...
  • Landreman, Matthew Joseph; Parra, F.I.; Theiler, Christian; Lipschultz, Bruce; Ernst, Darin R.; Hughes, Jerry W., Jr.; Catto, Peter J.; Hutchinson, Ian H.; Reinke, Matthew Logan; Hubbard, Amanda E.; Marmar, Earl S.; Churchill, Randy Michael; Terry, J. T.; Walk, John R. (IOP Publishing, 2014-06)
    We present inboard (HFS) and outboard (LFS) radial electric field (E[subscript r]) and impurity temperature (T[subscript z]) measurements in the I-mode and H-mode pedestal of Alcator C-Mod. These measurements reveal strong ...
  • Loiseau, Patrick; Schwartz, Galina; Musacchio, John; Amin, Saurabh; Sastry, S. Shankar (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-04)
    Mobile data traffic has been steadily rising in the past years. This has generated a significant interest in the deployment of incentive mechanisms to reduce peak-time congestion. Typically, the design of these mechanisms ...
  • Pierre, Azoulay; Graff Zivin, Joshua S.; Gustavo, Manso (Rand Corporation, 2011-09)
    Despite its presumed role as an engine of economic growth, we know surprisingly little about the drivers of scientific creativity. We exploit key differences across funding streams within the academic life sciences to ...
  • Angrist, Joshua; Lang, Daniel; Oreopoulos, Philip (American Economic Association, 2009-01)
    Many North American college students have trouble satisfying degree requirements in a timely manner. This paper reports on a randomized field experiment involving two strategies designed to improve academic performance ...
  • Kojima, Fuhito; Pathak, Parag (American Economic Association, 2009-06)
    A number of labor markets and student placement systems can be modeled as many-to-one matching markets. We analyze the scope for manipulation in many-to-one matching markets under the student-optimal stable mechanism when ...
  • Loiseau, Patrick; Schwartz, Galina; Musacchio, John; Amin, Saurabh (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-01)
    The Internet is plagued with congestion problems of growing severity which are worst at peak periods. In this paper, we compare two schemes that incentivize users to shift part of their usage from the peak-time to the ...
  • Graham, John R.; Hanlon, Michelle; Shevlin, Terry; Shroff, Nemit (American Accounting Association, 2013-12)
    We analyze survey responses from nearly 600 corporate tax executives to investigate firms' incentives and disincentives for tax planning. While many researchers hypothesize that reputational concerns affect the degree to ...
  • Duflo, Esther; Hanna, Rema; Ryan, Stephen (American Economic Association, 2012-06)
    We use a randomized experiment and a structural model to test whether monitoring and financial incentives can reduce teacher absence and increase learning in India. In treatment schools, teachers' attendance was monitored ...
  • Liu, Xu; Ramirez Moreno, Steve; Tonegawa, Susumu (Royal Society, 2013-12)
    Memories can be easily distorted, and a lack of relevant animal models has largely hindered our understanding of false-memory formation. Here, we first identified a population of cells in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the ...
  • Melvin, Adam T.; Welf, Erik S.; Wang, Yana; Irvine, Darrell J.; Haugh, Jason M. (Elsevier, 2011-04)
    Cell movement biased by a chemical gradient, or chemotaxis, coordinates the recruitment of cells and collective migration of cell populations. During wound healing, chemotaxis of fibroblasts is stimulated by platelet-derived ...
  • Simcoe, Robert A.; Cooksey, Kathy L.; O’Meara, John M.; Torrey, Paul; Cooper, Thomas Jared (IOP Publishing, 2015-10)
    Cold accretion is a primary growth mechanism of simulated galaxies, yet observational evidence of "cold flows" at redshifts where they should be most efficient (z = 2–4) is scarce. In simulations, cold streams manifest as ...
  • Cantrell, Andrew G.; Bailyn, Charles D.; Orosz, Jerome A.; McClintock, Jeffrey E.; Remillard, Ronald Alan; Froning, Cynthia S.; Neilsen, Joseph; Gelino, Dawn M.; Gou, Lijun (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2010-02)
    We analyze photometry of the soft X-ray transient A0620 – 00 spanning nearly 30 years, including previously published and previously unpublished data. Previous attempts to determine the inclination of A0620 using subsets ...
  • Apyan, Aram; Bauer, Gerry P.; Bendavid, Joshua L.; Busza, Wit; Butz, Erik M.; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, M.; Dutta, V.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Kim, Y.; Klute, Markus; Krajczar, Krisztian F.; Li, W.; Luckey, P. David, Jr.; Ma, Teng; Nahn, Steven; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Rudolph, Matthew Scott; Stephans, George S. F.; Stockli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Sung, Kevin Kai Hong; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wolf, R.; Wyslouch, Boleslaw; Xie, S.; Yang, M.; Yilmaz, Yetkin; Yoon, A. S.; Zanetti, Marco (Elsevier, 2012-09)
    The t[bar over t] charge asymmetry is measured in events containing a charged lepton (electron or muon) and at least four jets, one of which is identified as originating from b-quark hadronization. The analyzed dataset ...
  • Balewski, Jan T.; Betancourt, Michael Joseph; Corliss, Ross; Hays-Wehle, James Prewitt; Leight, William Axel; Redwine, Robert P.; Seele, Joseph Patrick; Steadman, Stephen G.; Stephans, George S. F.; Surrow, Bernd; Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit van (American Physical Society, 2012-11)
    Collider (Pb + Pb collisions at [√ over S[subscript NN]] = 2.76 TeV). The v[subscript 2](p[subscript T]) values for fixed p[subscript T] rise with increasing collision energy within the p[subscript T] range studied (<2 ...
  • Stephans, George S. F. (Elsevier, 2013-05)
    The CMS detector at the LHC has been used to measure the yield of isolated photons in both proton–proton and lead–lead collisions at a nucleon–nucleon center of mass energy of 2.76 TeV. Photons were detected in the ...
  • Apyan, Aram; Barbieri, Richard Alexander; Bauer, Gerry P.; Busza, Wit; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, Matthew Hans; Di Matteo, Leonardo; Dutta, Valentina; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Gulhan, Doga Can; Klute, Markus; Lai, Yue Shi; Lee, Yen-Jie; Levin, Andrew Michael; Luckey, P. David, Jr.; Ma, Teng; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Stockli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Veverka, Jan; Wyslouch, Boleslaw; Yang, Mingming; Yoon, Sungho; Zanetti, Marco; Zhukova, Victoria (Elsevier, 2014-01)
    A search is performed for a massive new vector-like quark T, with charge 2/3, that is pair produced together with its antiparticle in proton–proton collisions. The data were collected by the CMS experiment at the Large ...
  • Xie, Si; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Knuteson, Bruce O.; Choudalakis, Georgios; Makhoul, K.; Henderson, C.; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Bauer, Gerry P. (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    We report on a search for inclusive production of squarks and gluinos in p(p) over-bar collisions at root s = 1:96 TeV, in events with large missing transverse energy and multiple jets of hadrons in the final state. The ...
  • Alver, Burak Han; Bauer, Gerry P.; Bendavid, Joshua L.; Busza, Wit; Butz, Erik M.; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, M.; Dutta, Valentina; Everaerts, Pieter Bruno Bart; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Harris, P.; Kim, Y.; Klute, Markus; Lee, Y. J.; Li, W.; Loizides, Constantin; Luckey, P. David, Jr.; Ma, Teng; Nahn, Steven; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Rudolph, M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Stockli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Sung, Kevin Kai Hong; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wolf, R.; Xie, S.; Yang, M.; Yilmaz, Yetkin; Yoon, A. S.; Zanetti, Marco (American Physical Society, 2012-01)
    A search is performed for heavy particle pairs produced in √s=7  TeV proton-proton collisions with 35  pb[superscript -1] of data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The search is sensitive to squarks and gluinos ...
  • Xie, Si; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Makhoul, K.; Goncharov, Maxim; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Bauer, Gerry P. (American Physical Society, 2010-02)
    We present a search for standard model (SM) Higgs boson production using pp̅ collision data at √s=1.96  TeV, collected with the CDF II detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.8  fb[superscript -1]. We ...
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