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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Pugno, Nicola M.; Giesa, Tristan; Arslan, Melis; Buehler, Markus J (American Chemical Society, 2011-10)
    Silk is an exceptionally strong, extensible, and tough material made from simple protein building blocks. The molecular structure of dragline spider silk repeat units consists of semiamorphous and nanocrystalline β-sheet ...
  • Voigts, Jakob; Pritchett, Dominique L.; Moore, Christopher I.; Siegle, Joshua Handman (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-05)
    Electrophysiological recordings from ensembles of neurons in behaving mice are a central tool in the study of neural circuits. Despite the widespread use of chronic electrophysiology, the precise positioning of recording ...
  • FlexGP 
    Veeramachaneni, Kalyan; Arnaldo, Ignacio; Derby, Owen; O’Reilly, Una-May (Springer Netherlands, 2014-11)
    We describe FlexGP, the first Genetic Programming system to perform symbolic regression on large-scale datasets on the cloud via massive data-parallel ensemble learning. FlexGP provides a decentralized, fault tolerant ...
  • de Weck, Olivier L.; Armar, Nii; Grogan, Paul Thomas; Siddiqi, Afreen; Lee, Gene; Jordan, Elizabeth; Shishko, Robert (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2009-09)
    This paper summarizes the motivation for and the resulting development of a flexible object-oriented software model for simulation and analysis of space exploration campaign logistics. The software model was designed to ...
  • Piore, Michael J. (Oxford University Press, 2011-01)
    This paper compares and contrasts the U.S. and French systems of labor market regulation. The U.S. system is specialized: Regulating authority is dispersed among a host of different agencies each with a relatively narrow ...
  • Blackford, J.; Hardman-Mountford, N. J.; Polimene, L.; Geider, R. J.; Talmy, David; Follows, Michael J. (Copernicus GmbH, 2014-09)
    Phytoplankton cell size influences particle sinking rate, food web interactions and biogeographical distributions. We present a model in which the uptake, storage and assimilation of nitrogen and carbon are explicitly ...
  • Shapiro, Jeffrey H. (SPIE, 2014-10)
    Laser communication with both high photon information efficiency (many bits/detected-photon) and high spectral efficiency (many bits/sec-Hz) is impossible with a single spatial-mode free-space link. Achieving these high ...
  • Williams, Brian Charles; Conrad, Patrick Raymond; Shah, Julie A. (Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, 2009-09)
    Dynamic plan execution strategies allow an autonomous agent to respond to uncertainties while improving robustness and reducing the need for an overly conservative plan. Executives have improved this robustness by ...
  • Wrobel, Alexandra T.; Lippard, Stephen J.; Liang, Alexandria D. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-05)
    Toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase (ToMO) is a bacterial multicomponent monooxygenase capable of oxidizing aromatic substrates. The carboxylate-rich diiron active site is located in the hydroxylase component of ToMO (ToMOH), ...
  • Paynabar, Kamran; Rahmandad, Hazhir; Jalali, Seyed Mohammad Javad (Public Library of Science, 2017-04)
    Rapid growth in scientific output requires methods for quantitative synthesis of prior research, yet current meta-analysis methods limit aggregation to studies with similar designs. Here we describe and validate Generalized ...
  • Fernandes, M. S.; Lee, K. S.; Ram, Rajeev J.; Correia, J. H.; Mendes, P. M. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-08)
    We present a new type of flexible dry copper electrodes based on Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coatings, requiring no electrical contact with the body. Tests were performed in order to evaluate the performance of these types ...
  • Yip, Marcus; He, David Da; Winokur, Eric S.; Balderrama, Amanda Gaudreau; Sheridan, Robert; Ma, Hongshen (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    Pressure ulcers are painful sores that arise from prolonged exposure to high pressure points, which restricts blood flow and leads to tissue necrosis. This is a common occurrence among patients with impaired mobility, ...
  • Viana, J.C.; Pontes, A.J.; Rocha, L.A.; Guzman de Villoria, Roberto; Wardle, Brian L.; Sepulveda, A.T. (Elsevier, 2012-11)
    Flexible capacitive pressure sensors fabricated with nanocomposites were experimentally characterized and results compared with simulations from analytical modeling. Unlike traditional diaphragm silicon pressure sensors, ...
  • Allen, Michael; Preis, Ami; Iqbal, Mudasser; Perelman, Lina Sela; Whittle, Andrew (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2015-10)
    This paper presents a practical methodology for the flexible reconfiguration of existing water distribution infrastructure, which is adaptive to the water utility constraints and facilitates in operational management for ...
  • Tsang, Wei Mong; Stone, Alice L.; Aldworth, Zane N.; Hildebrand, John G.; Daniel, Tom L.; Akinwande, Akintunde Ibitayo; Voldman, Joel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-07)
    We describe a flexible multisite microelectrode for insect flight biasing using neural stimulation. The electrode is made of two layers of polyimide (PI) with gold sandwiched in between in a split-ring geometry. The ...
  • Stone, Alice L.; Aldworth, Zane N.; Hildebrand, John G.; Daniel, Tom L.; Tsang, Wei Mong; Akinwande, Akintunde Ibitayo; Voldman, Joel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-06)
    We describe a flexible multisite microelectrode for insect flight biasing using neural stimulation. The electrode is made of two layers of polyimide (PI) with gold sandwiched in between in a split-ring geometry. The ...
  • Taylor, Richard; Eagar, Thomas W. (Springer-Verlag, 2016-03)
    Flexible water hoses (or flexible hose connectors) have become commonplace in recent years and provide a low-cost and convenient alternative to rigid pipe. Unfortunately, inadequate designs, particularly with regard to the ...
  • Stribling, Jeremy; Sovran, Yair; Zhang, Irene; Pretzer, Xavid F.; Li, Jinyang; Kaashoek, M. Frans; Morris, Robert Tappan (USENIX Association, 2009-04)
    WheelFS is a wide-area distributed storage system intended to help multi-site applications share data and gain fault tolerance. WheelFS takes the form of a distributed file system with a familiar POSIX interface. Its design ...
  • Jordt, Andreas; Maes, Patricia; Steimle, Jurgen (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013-04)
    Flexpad is an interactive system that combines a depth camera and a projector to transform sheets of plain paper or foam into flexible, highly deformable, and spatially aware handheld displays. We present a novel approach ...
  • Ozawa, Midori; Uchiyama, Hideki; Nakajima, Hiroshi; Mori, Hideyuki; Matsumoto, Hironori; Tsuru, Takeshi Go; Koyama, Katsuji; Uchino, Masahiro; Hayashida, Kiyoshi; Tsunemi, Hiroshi; Murakami, Hiroshi; Dotani, Tadayasu; Prigozhin, Gregory; Kissel, Steve E.; Miller, Eric D.; La Marr, Beverly J.; Bautz, Marshall W. (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2008-07)
    The X-ray Imaging Spectrometer (XIS) on board the Suzaku satellite is an X-ray CCD camera system that has features of a low background, high quantum efficiency, and good energy resolution in the 0.2 - 12 keV band. Because ...
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