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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Cossarini, G.; Lermusiaux, Pierre F. J.; Solidoro, C. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-06)
    An ensemble data assimilation scheme, Error Subspace Statistical Estimation (ESSE), is utilized to investigate the seasonal ecosystem dynamics of the Lagoon of Venice and provide guidance on the monitoring and management ...
  • Eliashberg, Yakov; Murphy, Emmy (Springer-Verlag, 2013-07)
    We establish an h-principle for exact Lagrangian embeddings with concave Legendrian boundary. We prove, in particular, that in the complement of the unit ball B in the standard symplectic R[superscript 2n], 2n ≥ 6 , there ...
  • Tang, Wenbo; Peacock, Thomas (American Institute of Physics, 2010-01)
    For a nonuniformly stratified layer of fluid, internal gravity waves propagate at varying angles depending on the local buoyancy and Coriolis (in geophysical applications) frequencies. Relatively confined geometries, such ...
  • Tang, Wenbo; Mathur, Manikandan S.; Haller, George; Hahn, Douglas C.; Ruggiero, Frank H. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-07)
    Direct Lyapunov exponents and stability results are used to extract and distinguish Lagrangian coherent structures (LCS) from a three-dimensional atmospheric dataset generated from the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) ...
  • Kelley, Douglas; Allshouse, Michael R.; Ouellette, Nicholas T. (American Physical Society, 2013-07)
    Using filter-space techniques, we study the scale-to-scale transport of energy in a quasi-two-dimensional, weakly turbulent fluid flow averaged along the trajectories of fluid elements. We find that although the spatial ...
  • Seidel, Paul (Mathematical Sciences Publishers, 2013-01)
    We establish restrictions on Lagrangian embeddings of spheres, and more generally rational homology spheres, into certain open symplectic manifolds, namely the (A[subscript m]) Milnor fibres of odd complex dimension. This ...
  • Kausel, Eduardo A. (Royal Society, 2012-10)
    This article revisits the classical problem of horizontal and vertical point loads suddenly applied onto the surface of a homogeneous, elastic half-space, and provides a complete set of exact, explicit formulae which are ...
  • Mejillano, Marisan R.; Kojima, Shin-ichiro; Applewhite, Derek Anthony; Svitkina, Tatyana M.; Borisy, Gary G.; Gertler, Frank (Elsevier, 2004-08)
    Understanding how a particular cell type expresses the lamellipodial or filopodial form of the actin machinery is essential to understanding a cell's functional interactions. To determine how a cell “chooses” among these ...
  • Buffalo, Elizabeth A.; Fries, Pascal; Landman, Rogier; Buschman, Tim; Desimone, Robert (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-06)
    Attention to a stimulus enhances both neuronal responses and gamma frequency synchrony in visual area V4, both of which should increase the impact of attended information on downstream neurons. To determine whether gamma ...
  • Apicella, Alfonso J.; Wickersham, Ian R.; Seung, H. Sebastian; Shepherd, Gordon M. G. (Society for Neuroscience, 2012-05)
    In motor cortex, long-range output to subcortical motor circuits depends on excitatory and inhibitory inputs converging on projection neurons in layers 5A/B. How interneurons interconnect with these projection neurons, and ...
  • Entekhabi, Dara; Campo, L.; Castelli, F.; Caparrini, F. (Copernicus Publications, 2009-09)
    A valid tool for the retrieving of the turbulent fluxes that characterize the surface energy budget is constituted by the remote sensing of land surface states. In this study sequences of satellite-derived observations ...
  • Byrne, Michael Patrick; O'Gorman, Paul Ambrose (American Meteorological Society, 2013-06)
    Surface temperatures increase at a greater rate over land than ocean in simulations and observations of global warming. It has previously been proposed that this land–ocean warming contrast is related to different changes ...
  • Lander, Eric S.; Hodis, Eran; Watson, Ian R.; Kryukov, Gregory V.; Arold, Stefan T.; Imielinski, Marcin; Theurillat, Jean-Philippe; Nickerson, Elizabeth; Auclair, Daniel; Li, Liren; Place, Chelsea; DiCara, Daniel; Ramos, Alex H.; Lawrence, Michael S.; Cibulskis, Kristian; Sivachenko, Andrey; Voet, Douglas; Saksena, Gordon; Stransky, Nicholas; Onofrio, Robert C. (Elsevier, 2012-07)
    Despite recent insights into melanoma genetics, systematic surveys for driver mutations are challenged by an abundance of passenger mutations caused by carcinogenic UV light exposure. We developed a permutation-based ...
  • Willems, Thomas Frederick; Gymrek, Melissa A.; Highnam, Gareth; 1000 Genomes Project Consortium; Mittelman, David; Erlich, Yaniv (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2014-08)
    Short tandem repeats are among the most polymorphic loci in the human genome. These loci play a role in the etiology of a range of genetic diseases and have been frequently utilized in forensics, population genetics, and ...
  • Bagiati, Aikaterini; Evangelou, Demetra; Magana, Alejandra; Kaloustian, Garene; Zhu, Jiabin; Yoon, So Yoon (Springer, 2015-01)
    Background: The newly formed discipline of engineering education is addressing the need to (a) enhance STEM education for precollege students and (b) identify optimum ways to introduce engineering content starting, ...
  • Lander, Eric S. (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-02)
    A powerful way to discover key genes with causal roles in oncogenesis is to identify genomic regions that undergo frequent alteration in human cancers. Here we present high-resolution analyses of somatic copy-number ...
  • Kim, Annette M. (U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research, 2009)
    Land-taking controversies around the globe have been making headline news recently. This article examines the similarities, differences, and ironies in what has been happening in China, Vietnam, and the United States. Even ...
  • Huang, Albert S.; Teller, Seth (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    This paper describes an algorithm for estimating lane boundaries and curbs from a moving vehicle using noisy observations and a probabilistic model of curvature. The primary contribution of this paper is a curve model we ...
  • Ansel, Jason Andrew; Wong, Yee Lok; Chan, Cy; Olszewski, Marek Krystyn; Edelman, Alan; Amarasinghe, Saman P. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-05)
    Approximating ideal program outputs is a common technique for solving computationally difficult problems, for adhering to processing or timing constraints, and for performance optimization in situations where perfect ...
  • Ansel, Jason Andrew; Wong, Yee Lok; Chan, Cy; Olszewski, Marek Krystyn; Edelman, Alan; Amarasinghe, Saman P. (IEEE Computer Society, 2011-04)
    Approximating ideal program outputs is a common technique for solving computationally difficult problems, for adhering to processing or timing constraints, and for performance optimization in situations where perfect ...
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