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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Veres, Gabor (American Physical Society, 2011-12)
    Production of the K∗(892)0 and K∗(892)0 resonances was studied via their K+π− and K−π+ decay modes in central Pb + Pb, Si + Si, C + C, and inelastic p + p collisions at 158A GeV(√sNN = 17.3 GeV) with the NA49 detector at ...
  • Asano, Tetsuo; Demaine, Erik D.; Demaine, Martin L.; Uehara, Ryuhei (Springer, 2010-01)
    Kaboozle is a puzzle consisting of several square cards, each annotated with colored paths and dots drawn on both sides and holes drilled. The goal is to join two colored dots with paths of the same color (and fill all ...
  • Saraf, Shubhangi; Kopparty, Swastik; Sudan, Madhu; Lev, Vsevolod F. (Springer-Verlag, 2011-01)
    For a finite vector space V and a nonnegative integer r≤dim V, we estimate the smallest possible size of a subset of V, containing a translate of every r-dimensional subspace. In particular, we show that if K⊆V is the ...
  • Odhner, Lael; Asada, Harry (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    A population of stochastic agents, as seen in swarm robots and some biological systems, can be modeled as a population Markov chain where the transition probability matrix is time-varying, or inhomogeneous. This paper ...
  • Sclavounos, Paul D. (Royal Society, 2012-05)
    A new stochastic representation of a seastate is developed based on the Karhunen–Loeve spectral decomposition of stochastic signals and the use of Slepian prolate spheroidal wave functions with a tunable bandwidth parameter. ...
  • Drexler, Alejandro; Fischer, Greg; Schoar, Antoinette (American Economic Association, 2014-04)
    Micro-entrepreneurs often lack the financial literacy required to make important financial decisions. We conducted a randomized evaluation with a bank in the Dominican Republic to compare the impact of two distinct programs: ...
  • Sive, Hazel L. (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2011)
    For two decades, my lab has been studying development using two vertebrate animals, the frog Xenopus and the zebrafish, Danio. This has been both productive and challenging. The initial rationale for the choice was to ...
  • Wilczek, Frank (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-08)
    This brief retrospective is an overview and celebration of Kenneth Wilson’s profound contributions to science, meant to be accessible to a broad scientific audience. Wilson’s lecture on receipt of the 1982 Nobel Prize gives ...
  • Kramon, Eric; Posner, Daniel N. (John Hopkins University Press, 2011-04)
    On 4 August 2010, Kenyans voted to adopt a new constitution, culminating a process that began as part of a resolution to the violent conflict that followed the December 2007 elections. By reducing executive power, devolving ...
  • Seager, Sara (IOP Publishing, 2011-09)
    We present the discovery of a hot Jupiter transiting an F star in a close visual (0[" over .]3 sky projected angular separation) binary system. The dilution of the host star's light by the nearly equal magnitude stellar ...
  • Winn, Joshua Nathan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2011-09)
    We report the detection of a planet whose orbit surrounds a pair of low-mass stars. Data from the Kepler spacecraft reveal transits of the planet across both stars, in addition to the mutual eclipses of the stars, giving ...
  • Seager, Sara; Demory, Brice-Olivier; Winn, Joshua Nathan (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2011-11)
    We report the detection of three transiting planets around a Sun-like star, which we designate Kepler-18. The transit signals were detected in photometric data from the Kepler satellite, and were confirmed to arise from ...
  • Rogers, Leslie Anne; Seager, Sara (IOP Publishing, 2012-03)
    We present the discovery of the Kepler-20 planetary system, which we initially identified through the detection of five distinct periodic transit signals in the Kepler light curve of the host star 2MASS J19104752+4220194. ...
  • Deck, Katherine M.; Rogers, Leslie A.; Winn, Joshua Nathan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2012-06)
    In the solar system, the planets’ compositions vary with orbital distance, with rocky planets in close orbits and lower-density gas giants in wider orbits. The detection of close-in giant planets around other stars was the ...
  • Orosz, Jerome A.; Welsh, William F.; Carter, Joshua A.; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; Cochran, William D.; Endl, Michael; Ford, Eric B.; Haghighipour, Nader; MacQueen, Phillip J.; Mazeh, Tsevi; Sanchis Ojeda, Roberto; Short, Donald R.; Torres, Guillermo; Agol, Eric; Buchhave, Lars A.; Doyle, Laurance R.; Isaacson, Howard; Lissauer, Jack J.; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Shporer, Avi; Windmiller, Gur; Barclay, Thomas; Boss, Alan P.; Clarke, Bruce D.; Fortney, Jonathan; Geary, John C.; Holman, Matthew J.; Huber, Daniel; Jenkins, Jon M.; Kinemuchi, Karen; Kruse, Ethan; Ragozzine, Darin; Sasselov, Dimitar; Still, Martin; Tenenbaum, Peter; Uddin, Kamal; Winn, Joshua Nathan; Koch, David G.; Borucki, William J. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2012-08)
    We report the detection of Kepler-47, a system consisting of two planets orbiting around an eclipsing pair of stars. The inner and outer planets have radii 3.0 and 4.6 times that of Earth, respectively. The binary star ...
  • Sanchis Ojeda, Roberto; Winn, Joshua Nathan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013-05)
    We present the detection of five planets—Kepler-62b, c, d, e, and f—of size 1.31, 0.54, 1.95, 1.61 and 1.41 Earth radii (R[subscript ⊕]), orbiting a K2V star at periods of 5.7, 12.4, 18.2, 122.4, and 267.3 days, respectively. ...
  • Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Howard, Andrew W.; Isaacson, Howard; Johnson, John Asher; Torres, Guillermo; Albrecht, Simon; Campante, Tiago L.; Chaplin, William J.; Davies, Guy R.; Lund, Mikkel N.; Carter, Joshua A.; Dawson, Rebekah I.; Buchhave, Lars A.; Everett, Mark E.; Fischer, Debra A.; Geary, John C.; Gilliland, Ronald L.; Horch, Elliott P.; Howell, Steve B.; Latham, David W.; Sanchis Ojeda, Roberto; Winn, Joshua Nathan (IOP Publishing, 2013-09)
    We present the discovery and characterization of a giant planet orbiting the young Sun-like star Kepler-63 (KOI-63, m [subscript Kp] = 11.6, T [subscript eff] = 5576 K, M [star] = 0.98 M [subscript ☉]). The planet transits ...
  • Prša, Andrej; Batalha, Natalie; Slawson, Robert W.; Doyle, Laurance R.; Welsh, William F.; Orosz, Jerome A.; Seager, Sara; Rucker, Michael; Mjaseth, Kimberly; Engle, Scott G.; Conroy, Kyle; Jenkins, Jon; Caldwell, Douglas; Koch, David; Borucki, William (IOP Publishing, 2011-02)
    The Kepler space mission is devoted to finding Earth-size planets orbiting other stars in their habitable zones. Its large, 105 deg[superscript 2] field of view features over 156,000 stars that are observed continuously ...
  • Seager, Sara (IOP Publishing, 2011-02)
    NASA's Kepler Mission uses transit photometry to determine the frequency of Earth-size planets in or near the habitable zone of Sun-like stars. The mission reached a milestone toward meeting that goal: the discovery of its ...
  • Keten, Sinan; Buehler, Markus J. (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    A Reply to the Comment by Dmitrii E. Makarov.
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