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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Issue Date

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  • Bush, John W. M. (Annual Reviews, 2015-01)
    Yves Couder, Emmanuel Fort, and coworkers recently discovered that a millimetric droplet sustained on the surface of a vibrating fluid bath may self-propel through a resonant interaction with its own wave field. This article ...
  • Braakman, Rogier; Smith, Eric (Public Library of Science, 2014-2)
  • Kim, Been; Rudin, Cynthia; Shah, Julie A. (Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation, 2014-12)
    We present the Bayesian Case Model (BCM), a general framework for Bayesian case-based reasoning (CBR) and prototype classification and clustering. BCM brings the intuitive power of CBR to a Bayesian generative framework. ...
  • Bresler, Guy; Chen, George; Shah, Devavrat (Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation, 2014-12)
    Despite the prevalence of collaborative filtering in recommendation systems, there has been little theoretical development on why and how well it works, especially in the “online” setting, where items are recommended to ...
  • Song, Gang; Tin, Chung; Poon, Chi-Sang (Springer-Verlag, 2014-12)
    Current cellular-based connectomics approaches aim to delineate the functional or structural organizations of mammalian brain circuits through neuronal activity mapping and/or axonal tracing. To discern possible connectivity ...
  • Sanyal, Bishwapriya (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014-11-20)
    To propose a policy perspective, on any issue, one must begin with a historical awareness of how such issues have been addressed in the past. This is particularly important in prescribing policies for urban informal real ...
  • Qian, Xiaofeng; Liu, Junwei; Fu, Liang; Li, Ju (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2014-11)
    Quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect materials feature edge states that are topologically protected from backscattering. However, the small band gap in materials that have been identified as QSH insulators limits applications. ...
  • Fu, Roger Rennan; Weiss, Benjamin P.; Andrade Lima, Eduardo; Harrison, Richard J.; Bai, Xue-Ning; Desch, Steven J.; Ebel, Denton S.; Suavet, Clement Romain; Wang, Huapei; Glenn, David; Le Sage, David; Kasama, Takeshi; Walsworth, Ronald L.; Kuan, Aaron T. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2014-11)
    Magnetic fields are proposed to have played a critical role in some of the most enigmatic processes of planetary formation by mediating the rapid accretion of disk material onto the central star and the formation of the ...
  • Low, Guang Hao; Yoder, Theodore James; Chuang, Isaac (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    Grover’s quantum search and its generalization, quantum amplitude amplification, provide a quadratic advantage over classical algorithms for a diverse set of tasks but are tricky to use without knowing beforehand what ...
  • Mooney, Luke M.; Rouse, Elliott J.; Herr, Hugh M. (BioMed Central Ltd, 2014-11)
    Background: Passive exoskeletons that assist with human locomotion are often lightweight and compact, but are unable to provide net mechanical power to the exoskeletal wearer. In contrast, powered exoskeletons often provide ...
  • Shen, Chen; Xu, Jun; Jing, Yun; Fang, Nicholas Xuanlai (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    In this paper, we investigate a type of anisotropic, acoustic complementary metamaterial (CMM) and its application in restoring acoustic fields distorted by aberrating layers. The proposed quasi two-dimensional (2D), ...
  • Brown, Zachary S.; Detmold, William; Meinel, Stefan; Orginos, Kostas (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    We calculate the masses of baryons containing one, two, or three heavy quarks using lattice QCD. We consider all possible combinations of charm and bottom quarks, and compute a total of 36 different states with J[superscript ...
  • Zhuang, Quntao (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    We propose a strategy to improve the performance of the quantum adiabatic algorithm (QAA) on an NP-hard (nondeterministic-polynomial-time-hard) problem exact cover, by increasing the ground-state degeneracy of the problem ...
  • Bauer, Uwe; Yao, Lide; Tan, Aik Jun; Agrawal, Parnika; Emori, Satoru; Tuller, Harry L.; van Dijken, Sebastiaan; Beach, Geoffrey Stephen (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-11)
    In metal/oxide heterostructures, rich chemical electronic magnetic and mechanical properties can emerge from interfacial chemistry and structure. The possibility to dynamically control interface characteristics with an ...
  • He, Huan; Moradi, Heidar; Wen, Xiao-Gang (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    Topological order has been proposed to go beyond Landau symmetry breaking theory for more than 20 years. But it is still a challenging problem to generally detect it in a generic many-body state. In this paper, we will ...
  • Franchini, Fabio; Cui, Jian; Amico, Luigi; Fan, Heng; Gu, Mile; Korepin, Vladimir; Kwek, Leong Chuan; Vedral, Vlatko (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    In some many-body systems, certain ground-state entanglement (Rényi) entropies increase even as the correlation length decreases. This entanglement nonmonotonicity is a potential indicator of nonclassicality. In this work, ...
  • Serbyn, Maksym; Abanin, D. A.; Papic, Z. (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    Many-body localized (MBL) systems are characterized by the absence of transport and thermalization and, therefore, cannot be described by conventional statistical mechanics. In this paper, using analytic arguments and ...
  • Kotru, Krish; Brown, Justin M.; Butts, David L.; Kinast, Joseph M.; Stoner, Richard E. (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    We present a method for robust timekeeping in which alkali-metal atoms are interrogated in a Ramsey sequence based on stimulated Raman transitions with optical photons. To suppress systematic effects introduced by differential ...
  • Fatemi, Valla; Hunt, Benjamin; Steinberg, Hadar; Eltinge, Stephen L.; Mahmood, Fahad; Butch, Nicholas P.; Watanabe, Kenji; Taniguchi, Takashi; Gedik, Nuh; Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo; Ashoori, Raymond (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    We report on electronic transport measurements of dual-gated nanodevices of the low-carrier density topological insulator (TI) Bi[subscript 1.5]Sb[subscript 0.5]Te[subscript 1.7]Se[subscript 1.3]. In all devices, the upper ...
  • Urdaniz, M. C.; Barral, M. A.; Llois, A. M.; Saul, Alberto Andres (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    In this work we present a systematic study of the magnetic interactions within 3d transition-metal chains adsorbed on Cu[subscript 2]N and Cu[subscript 2]O monolayers grown on Cu(001). We are interested in the particular ...
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