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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Author "Duflo, Esther"

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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Author "Duflo, Esther"

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  • Zwane, Alix Peterson; Zinman, Jonathan; Dusen, Eric Van; Pariente, William; Null, Clair; Miguel, Edward; Kremer, Michael; Karlan, Dean S.; Hornbeck, Richard; Gine, Xavier; Duflo, Esther; Devoto, Florencia; Crepon, Bruno; Banerjee, Abhijit (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-01)
    Does completing a household survey change the later behavior of those surveyed? In three field studies of health and two of microlending, we randomly assigned subjects to be surveyed about health and/or household finances ...
  • Zwane, Alix Peterson; Zinman, Jonathan; Van Dusen, Eric; Pariente, William; Null, Claire; Miguel, Edward; Kremer, Michael; Karlan, Dean S.; Hornbeck, Richard; Gine, Xavier; Duflo, Esther; Devoto, Florencia; Crepon, Bruno; Banerjee, Abhijit (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-01)
    Does completing a household survey change the later behavior of those surveyed? In three field studies of health and two of microlending, we randomly assigned subjects to be surveyed about health and/or household finances ...
  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther; Hornbeck, Richard (American Economic Association, 2014-05)
    Microfinance institutions have started to bundle their basic loans with other financial services, such as health insurance. Using a randomized control trial in Karnataka, India, we evaluate the impact on loan renewal from ...
  • Duflo, Esther; Banerjee, Abhijit (American Economic Association, 2014-05)
    Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) present the potential to deliver high quality education to a large number of students. But they suffer from low completion rates. This paper identifies disorganization as a factor behind ...
  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther (Oxford University Press, 2014-02)
    This article uses variation in access to a targeted lending program to estimate whether firms are credit constrained. While both constrained and unconstrained firms may be willing to absorb all the directed credit that ...
  • Crepon, Bruno; Duflo, Esther; Gurgand, Marc; Rathelot, Roland; Zamora, Philippe (Oxford University Press, 2013-01)
    This article reports the results from a randomized experiment designed to evaluate the direct and indirect (displacement) impacts of job placement assistance on the labor market outcomes of young, educated job seekers in ...
  • Crépon, Bruno; Devoto, Florencia; Duflo, Esther; Parienté, William (American Economic Association, 2015-01)
    We report results from a randomized evaluation of a microcredit program introduced in rural areas of Morocco in 2006. Thirteen percent of the households in treatment villages took a loan, and none in control villages did. ...
  • Beaman, L.; Duflo, Esther; Pande, R.; Topalova, P. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2012-01)
    Exploiting a randomized natural experiment in India, we show that female leadership influences adolescent girls’ career aspirations and educational attainment. A 1993 law reserved leadership positions for women in randomly ...
  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther (American Economic Association, 2010-06)
    This paper shows how the productive interplay of theory and experimental work has furthered our understanding of credit markets in developing countries. Descriptive facts motivated a body of theory, which in turned ...
  • Devoto, Florencia; Duflo, Esther; Dupas, Pascaline; Pariente, William; Pons, Vincent (American Economic Association, 2012-11)
    Connecting private dwellings to the water main is expensive and typically cannot be publicly financed. We show that households' willingness to pay for a private connection is high when it can be purchased on credit, not ...
  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther; Glennerster, Rachel; Kothari, Dhruva (BMJ Publishing Group, Ltd., 2010-05)
    Objective To assess the efficacy of modest non-financial incentives on immunisation rates in children aged 1-3 and to compare it with the effect of only improving the reliability of the supply of services. Design ...
  • Duflo, Esther; Hanna, Rema; Ryan, Stephen (American Economic Association, 2012-06)
    We use a randomized experiment and a structural model to test whether monitoring and financial incentives can reduce teacher absence and increase learning in India. In treatment schools, teachers' attendance was monitored ...
  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther; Postel-Vinay, Gilles; Watts, Tim (President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2010-11)
    Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed 40% of French vineyards. Using the regional variation in the timing of this shock, we identify and examine the effects on adult height, health, and life expectancy of children ...
  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther; Ghatak, Maitreesh; Lafortune, Jeanne (American Economic Association, 2013-05)
    This paper analyzes how preferences for a noneconomic characteristic (e.g., caste) can affect equilibrium patterns of matching, and empirically evaluates this in the context of middle-class Indian arranged marriages. We ...
  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther; Glennerster, Rachel; Kinnan, Cynthia (American Economic Association, 2015-01)
    This paper reports results from the randomized evaluation of a group-lending microcredit program in Hyderabad, India. A lender worked in 52 randomly selected neighborhoods, leading to an 8.4 percentage point increase in ...
  • Duflo, Esther; Kremer, Michael; Robinson, Jonathan (American Economic Association, 2010-10)
    We model farmers as facing small fixed costs of purchasing fertilizer and assume some are stochastically present biased and not fully sophisticated about this bias. Such farmers may procrastinate, postponing fertilizer ...
  • Duflo, Esther; Dupas, Pascaline; Kremer, Michael (American Economic Association, 2011-08)
    To the extent that students benefit from high-achieving peers, tracking will help strong students and hurt weak ones. However, all students may benefit if tracking allows teachers to better tailor their instruction level. ...
  • Banerji, Rukmini; Khemani, Stuti; Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther; Glennerster, Rachel (American Economic Association, 2010-02)
    Participation of beneficiaries in the monitoring of public services is increasingly seen as a key to improving their quality. We conducted a randomized evaluation of three interventions to encourage beneficiaries' participation ...
  • Duflo, Esther; Beaman, Lori; Chattopadhyay, Raghabendra; Pande, Rohini; Topalova, Petia (MIT Press, 2009-11)
    We exploit random assignment of gender quotas for leadership positions on Indian village councils to show that prior exposure to a female leader is associated with electoral gains for women. After ten years of quotas, ...
  • Duflo, Esther; Banerjee, Abhijit (Annual Reviews, 2014-03)
    This article discusses the two leading views of history and political institutions. For some scholars, institutions are mainly products of historical logic, whereas for others, accidents, leaders, and decisions have a ...
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