Now showing items 7-26 of 1217

    • Abstraction in Numerical Methods 

      Halfant, Matthew; Sussman, Gerald Jay (1987-10-01)
      We illustrate how the liberal use of high-order procedural abstractions and infinite streams helps us to express some of the vocabulary and methods of numerical analysis. We develop a software toolbox encapsulating the ...
    • Abstraction, Inspection and Debugging in Programming 

      Rich, Charles; Waters, Richard C. (1981-06-01)
      We believe that software engineering has much to learn from other mature engineering disciplines, such as electrical engineering, and that the problem solving behaviors of engineers in different disciplines have many ...
    • An Accelerated Chow and Liu Algorithm: Fitting Tree Distributions to High Dimensional Sparse Data 

      Meila, Marina (1999-01-01)
      Chow and Liu introduced an algorithm for fitting a multivariate distribution with a tree (i.e. a density model that assumes that there are only pairwise dependencies between variables) and that the graph of these dependencies ...
    • Acceleration of Series 

      Gosper, R.W. (1974-03-01)
      The rate of convergence of infinite series can be accelerated b y a suitable splitting of each term into two parts and then combining the second part of the n-th term with the first part of the (n+1) -th term t get a new ...
    • Achieving Artificial Intelligence through Building Robots 

      Brooks, Rodney A. (1986-05-01)
      We argue that generally accepted methodologies of Artificial Intelligence research are limited in the proportion of human level intelligence they can be expected to emulate. We argue that the currently accepted ...
    • Active Learning with Statistical Models 

      Cohn, David A.; Ghahramani, Zoubin; Jordan, Michael I. (1995-03-21)
      For many types of learners one can compute the statistically 'optimal' way to select data. We review how these techniques have been used with feedforward neural networks. We then show how the same principles may be ...
    • Active Touch Sensing 

      Hillis, William Daniel (1981-04-01)
      The mechanical hand of the future will roll a screw between its fingers and sense, by touch, which end is which. This paper describes a step toward such a manipulator ?? robot finger that is used to recognize small ...
    • Activity Zones for Context-Aware Computing 

      Koile, Kimberle; Tollmar, Konrad; Demirdjian, David; Shrobe, Howard; Darrell, Trevor (2003-06-10)
      Location is a primary cue in many context-aware computing systems, and is often represented as a global coordinate, room number, or Euclidean distance various landmarks. A user?s concept of location, however, is often ...
    • Actors and Continuous Functionals 

      Hewitt, Carl; Baker, Henry (1977-07-01)
      This paper presents precise versions of some "laws" that must be satisfied by computations involving communicating parallel processes. The laws take the form of stating plausible restrictions on the histories of ...
    • Additions to LAP 

      White, John L. (1967-07-01)
      In addition to the description on page 13 of AI Memo 116A LAP has the following features: Current Assembly Location Reference, Assembly Time Arithmetic, Constants, Multiple Entry Routines, and Defined Machine Operations ...
    • Additions to Vision Library 

      White, John (1966-08-01)
      Modified LAP: Additions have been made to LAP as described in the PDP-6 write-up.
    • Advanced Programming Language Features for Executable Design Patterns "Better Patterns Through Reflection 

      Sullivan, Gregory T. (2002-03-22)
      The Design Patterns book [GOF95] presents 24 time-tested patterns that consistently appear in well-designed software systems. Each pattern is presented with a description of the design problem the pattern addresses, as ...
    • Aeroacoustics on Non-Dedicated Workstations 

      Skordos, Panayotis A. (1995-04-01)
      The simulation of subsonic aeroacoustic problems such as the flow-generated sound of wind instruments is well suited for parallel computing on a cluster of non-dedicated workstations. Simulations are demonstrated which ...
    • Affine Matching with Bounded Sensor Error: A Study of Geometric Hashing and Alignment 

      Grimson W. Eric L.; Huttenlocher, Daniel P.; Jacobs, David W. (1991-08-01)
      Affine transformations are often used in recognition systems, to approximate the effects of perspective projection. The underlying mathematics is for exact feature data, with no positional uncertainty. In practice, ...
    • Against Direct Perception 

      Ullman, S. (1980-03-01)
      Central to contemporary cognitive science is the notion that mental processes involve computations defined over internal representations. This notion stands in sharp contrast with another prevailing view ??e direct ...
    • An AI Approach to English Morphemic Analysis 

      Winograd, Terry (1971-02-01)
      This paper illustrated an approach toward understanding natural language through the techniques of artificial intelligence. It explores the structure of English word-endings both morpho-graphemically and semantically. It ...
    • AI Based Personal Learning Environments: Directions for Long Term Research 

      Goldstein, Ira P.; Miller, Mark L. (1976-12-01)
      The application of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to the design of personal learning environments is an enterprise of both theoretical and practical interest. In the short term, the process of developing and ...
    • Algebraic Functions For Recognition 

      Shashua, Ammon (1994-01-01)
      In the general case, a trilinear relationship between three perspective views is shown to exist. The trilinearity result is shown to be of much practical use in visual recognition by alignment --- yielding a direct method ...
    • An Algorithm for Bootstrapping Communications 

      Beal, Jacob (2001-08-13)
      I present an algorithm which allows two agents to generate a simple language based only on observations of a shared environment. Vocabulary and roles for the language are learned in linear time. Communication is robust and ...
    • An Algorithm for Group Formation and Maximal Independent Set in an Amorphous Computer 

      Nagpal, Radhika; Coore, Daniel (1998-02-01)
      Amorphous computing is the study of programming ultra-scale computing environments of smart sensors and actuators cite{white-paper}. The individual elements are identical, asynchronous, randomly placed, embedded and ...