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The lost revolution : capitalism, democracy and black citizenship in early twentieth-century America's biggest race conflicts

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dc.contributor.advisor Meg Jacobs. en_US
dc.contributor.author Butler, Katonio A. (Katonio Arthella) en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences. History Section. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-10-22T19:46:36Z
dc.date.available 2010-10-22T19:46:36Z
dc.date.copyright 2007 en_US
dc.date.issued 2007 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/59488
dc.description Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences [SHASS], History Section, 2007. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 80-89). en_US
dc.description.abstract This new racial conflict over the future of blacks' social, political and economic self determination became an inescapable "trial by fire" for American democracy. Throughout the United States, W.E.B. Du Bois' "New Negroes," molded on the battlefields of Western Europe and the shop floors of the American mill, were determined to assert their claims to equal American citizenship. During the period of racial tumult following the end of World War I, three riots that were notable for their scale and significance to both American race relations and black political activism occurred in the United States: the Chicago Riot of 1919, the Elaine Riot of 1919 and the Tulsa Riot of 1921. All three riots involved armed, organized mobs of hundreds to thousands of whites fully mobilized against armed black communities that were resolute in the defense of their lives, property and rights as citizens. The three riots were additionally notable for the character of the black communities involved; although only Chicago's South Side escaped total destruction, armed and organized elements of blacks in each locale attempted to repel attacks by whites. All three riots saw the intervention of armed troops, though not necessarily in a bid to restore order. Once the troops arrived, only the black communities were occupied. Only in Chicago, where the black community enjoyed the most protection of their civil rights, did the government troops actually mobilize to protect the black population. At best, the troops did not actively move against the white mobs, allowing further bloodshed to occur (Chicago). At worst, they were implicit in the white mob violence that claimed hundreds of black lives and millions in property (Elaine and Tulsa). In each case, when the dust settled, the predominant racial caste system was still intact. In none of these communities were the mass of white rioters ever brought to justice for their atrocities. Many blacks, however, were detained and formally prosecuted for numerous offenses stemming from the violence ... en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Katonio A. Butler. en_US
dc.format.extent 89 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582 en_US
dc.subject Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences. History Section. en_US
dc.title The lost revolution : capitalism, democracy and black citizenship in early twentieth-century America's biggest race conflicts en_US
dc.title.alternative Capitalism, democracy and black citizenship in early twentieth-century America's biggest race conflicts en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree S.B. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences. History Section. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 213329681 en_US


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