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Method for single-cell mass and electrophoretic mobility measurement

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dc.contributor.advisor Scott R. Manalis and Jongyoon Han. en_US Dextras, Philip en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Biological Engineering. en_US 2011-02-23T14:34:06Z 2011-02-23T14:34:06Z 2010 en_US 2010 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Biological Engineering, 2010. en_US
dc.description Cataloged from PDF version of thesis. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 137-146). en_US
dc.description.abstract Analysis of single cells using flow cytometry techniques has created a wealth of knowledge about cellular phenomena that could not be obtained by population average measurements. As these techniques are integrated with others to increase the number of parameters that can be measured on single cells and these measurements are made more quantitative, their ability to discriminate between sub-populations of cells increases. Microfabricated sensors offer unique advantages in this area because their internal geometries can be engineered at a size scale comparable to the cell's, making them naturally well-suited for single-cell measurements. The suspended microchannel resonator (SMR) is a versatile flow cytometry platform which is capable measuring the mass of single cells with femtogram resolution. The net frequency shift of a resonant cantilever as the cell transits the fluid-filled microchannel running through it is proportional to the buoyant mass of the cell. The resonance frequency of the SMR is also highly sensitive to a cell's position along the cantilever's length. This thesis presents a new method which makes use of this property to accurately quantify the electrophoretic mobility (EPM) of cells transiting the SMR while subjected to oscillatory electric fields. Recorded resonance frequency time courses can be analyzed to extract both the buoyant mass and EPM of individual cells. This instrument has been used to simultaneously measure the EPM and buoyant masses of discrete polystyrene microspheres and Escherichia coli bacteria. As it has been applied to microspheres of known density, the integrated measurement makes it possible to compute the absolute mass and surface charge of individual microspheres. It has been shown that integrated single-microsphere mass and surface charge measurement enables differentiation of complex aqueous suspensions which is not possible by either measurement alone. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Philip Dextras. en_US
dc.format.extent 146 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights MIT theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed, downloaded, or printed from this source but further reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.subject Biological Engineering. en_US
dc.title Method for single-cell mass and electrophoretic mobility measurement en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Biological Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 701718635 en_US

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