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Browsing Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) by Title

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Browsing Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) by Title

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  • Gerardi, C.; Buongiorno, J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2005-11)
    The ACR-700 is an advanced pressure-tube (PT) reactor being developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). As in conventional CANDU reactors, the PTs are horizontal. Each PT is surrounded by a calandria tube (CT), ...
  • Bushman, A.; Carpenter, D. M.; Ellis, T. S.; Gallagher, S. P.; Hershcovitch, M. D.; Hine, M. C.; Johnson, E. D.; Kane, S. C.; Presley, M. R.; Roach, A. H.; Shaikh, S.; Short, M. P.; Stawicki, M. A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Space Applications, 2004-12)
    As part of the 22.033/22.33 Nuclear Systems Design project, this group designed a 100 kW[subscript e] Martian/Lunar surface reactor system to work for 5 EFPY in support of extraterrestrial human exploration efforts. The ...
  • Lebenhaft, Julian Robert (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2001-10-15)
    The applicability of the Monte Carlo code MCNP4B to the neutronic modeling of pebble-bed reactors was investigated. A modeling methodology was developed based on an analysis of critical experiments carried out at the ...
  • Xu, Z.; Hejzlar, Pavel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2008-12)
    MCODE Version 2.2 is a linkage program, which combines the continuous-energy Monte Carlo code, MCNP-4C, and the one-group depletion code, ORIGEN2, to perform burnup calculations for nuclear fission reactor systems. MCNP ...
  • Oh, Jiyong; Golay, Michael W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2008-02)
    Passive cooling systems sometimes use natural circulation, and they are not dependent on offsite or emergency AC power, which can simplify designs through the reduction of emergency power supplying infrastructure. The ...
  • Long, Y.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Ballinger, Ronald G.; Meyer, J. E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2002-07)
    Fuel performance models have been developed to assess the performance of ThO[subscript 2]-UO[subscript 2] fuels that can be operated to a high burnup up to 80-100MWd/kgHM in current and future Light Water Reactors (LWRs). ...
  • Kadak, Andrew C.; Ballinger, Ronald G.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Yip, Sidney; Wilson, David Gordon; No, Hee Cheon; Wang, Jing; MacLean, Heather; Galen, Tamara; Wang, Chunyun; Lebenhaft, Julian; Zhai, Tieliang; Petti, David A.; Terry, William K.; Gougar, Hans D.; Ougouag, Abderrafi M.; Oh, Chang H.; Moore, Richard L.; Miller, Gregory K.; Maki, John T.; Smolik, Galen R.; Varacalle, Dominic J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-07)
    This project is developing a fundamental conceptual design for a gas-cooled, modular, pebble bed reactor. Key technology areas associated with this design are being investigated which intend to address issues concerning ...
  • Morra, P.; Xu, Z.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Saha, P.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2004-12)
    As a promising new fuel for high power density light water reactors, the feasibility of using annular fuel for BWR services is explored from both thermal hydraulic and neutronic points of view. Keeping the bundle size ...
  • Forsberg, Charles W.; Krentz-Wee, Rebecca E.; Lee, You Ho; Oloyede, Isaiah O. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2010-12)
    In a carbon-constrained world or a world of high natural gas prices, the use of fossil-fueled power plants to satisfy variable electricity demands may be limited. Nuclear power plants operating at full capacity with ...
  • Forsberg, Charles W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2011-09)
    The world faces two energy challenges: (1) the national security and economic challenge of dependence on foreign oil and (2) the need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels to avoid climate ...
  • Yildiz, Bilge; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2003-09)
    Nuclear energy can be used for hydrogen production through thermochemical or electrochemical processes for splitting water (and/or steam) into its elemental parts. The overall performance of alternative routes for using ...
  • Haratyk, Geoffrey; Forsberg, Charles W.; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2011-06-01)
    Climate change concerns and expensive oil call for a different mix of energy technologies. Nuclear and renewables attract attention because of their ability to produce electricity while cutting carbon emissions. However ...
  • Galle-Bishop, John Michael; Driscoll, Michael J.; Forsberg, Charles W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2011-06-01)
    Emerging technologies in CO[subscript 2] air capture, high temperature electrolysis, microchannel catalytic conversion, and Generation IV reactor plant systems have the potential to create a shipboard liquid fuel production ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Czerwinski, Kenneth R.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Hejzla, P.; Meyer, J. E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 1999-04)
    The advantages and disadvantages of the use of thorium bearing fuel in light water reactors have been examined several times from the beginning of the nuclear energy era until the late seventies. The recent motivation ...
  • Jeong, Y. H.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hohnholt, K. J.; Yildiz, Bilge (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2005-05-01)
    The hybrid sulfur cycle (modified from the Westinghouse Cycle) for decomposing water into oxygen and hydrogen is evaluated. Hydrogen is produced by electrolysis of sulfur dioxide and water mixture at low temperature, ...
  • Shwageraus, Eugene; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2003-10)
    The once through nuclear fuel cycle adopted by the majority of countries with operating commercial power reactors imposes a number of concerns. The radioactive waste created in the once through nuclear fuel cycle has to ...
  • Dostal, Vaclav; Hejzlar, Pavel; Todreas, Neil E.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2001-09)
    Cost of electricity is the key factor that determines competitiveness of a power plant. Thus the proper selection, design and optimization of the electric power generating cycle is of main importance. This report makes an ...
  • Kim, D.; Todreas, N. E.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-11)
    The analysis of an indirect helium power conversion system with lead-bismuth natural circulation primary system has been performed. The work of this report is focused on 1) identifying the allowable design region for the ...
  • Kim, D.; Todreas, N. E.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-08)
    The analysis of an indirect steam power conversion system with lead-bismuth natural circulation primary system has been performed. The work of this report is focused on 1) identifying the allowable design region for the ...
  • Jensen, K. G.; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-07)
    This is a progress report covering work through July 2010 under a Sandia-MIT contract dealing with design and siting/licensing criteria for deep borehole disposal of spent nuclear fuel or its separated constituents. The ...
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