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Browsing Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) by Title

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  • Shwageraus, Eugene; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2003-10)
    The once through nuclear fuel cycle adopted by the majority of countries with operating commercial power reactors imposes a number of concerns. The radioactive waste created in the once through nuclear fuel cycle has to ...
  • Dostal, Vaclav; Hejzlar, Pavel; Todreas, Neil E.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2001-09)
    Cost of electricity is the key factor that determines competitiveness of a power plant. Thus the proper selection, design and optimization of the electric power generating cycle is of main importance. This report makes an ...
  • Kim, D.; Todreas, N. E.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-11)
    The analysis of an indirect helium power conversion system with lead-bismuth natural circulation primary system has been performed. The work of this report is focused on 1) identifying the allowable design region for the ...
  • Kim, D.; Todreas, N. E.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-08)
    The analysis of an indirect steam power conversion system with lead-bismuth natural circulation primary system has been performed. The work of this report is focused on 1) identifying the allowable design region for the ...
  • Jensen, K. G.; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-07)
    This is a progress report covering work through July 2010 under a Sandia-MIT contract dealing with design and siting/licensing criteria for deep borehole disposal of spent nuclear fuel or its separated constituents. The ...
  • Yuen-Ting Wong, S.; Hu, Lin-Wen; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. MIT Reactor Redesign Program, 2008-09-01)
    The MIT Nuclear Research Reactor (MITR) is the only research reactor in the United States that utilizes plate-type fuel elements with longitudinal fins to augment heat transfer. Recent studies on the conversion to ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Ballinger, Ronald G.; Clarno, K. T.; Czerwinski, Kenneth R.; Hejzlar, Pavel; LaFond, P. J.; Long, Y.; Meyer, J. E.; Reynard, M. P.; Schultz, S. P.; Zhao, X. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 1999-06-01)
    1. Summary Project Objectives: Our objective is to develop a fuel consisting of mixed thorium dioxide and uranium dioxide (ThO[subscript 2]-UO[subscript 2]) for existing light water reactors (LWRs) that (a) is less ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Dobisesky, J.; Carpenter, David M.; Richards, J.; Pilat, Edward E.; Shwageraus, Evgeni (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2011-04)
    The use in present generation PWRs of fuel clad with silicon carbide rather than Zircaloy has been evaluated as an aid to reaching higher discharge burnups and to operation at higher reactor power levels. A preliminary ...
  • Shatilla, Y.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2006-09)
    Elements of the new Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) initiative in the US call for the expansion of domestic use of nuclear power and the minimization of nuclear waste. To achieve both goals in the short term the ...
  • Beccherle, J.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2007-09)
    The internally and externally cooled annular fuel is a new type of fuel for PWRs that enables an increase in core power density by 50% within the same or better safety margins as traditional solid fuel. Each annular fuel ...
  • Sapiie, B.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Jensen, K. G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-01)
    This report develops and exercises broad-area site selection criteria for deep boreholes suitable for disposal of spent nuclear fuel and/or its separated constituents. Three candidates are examined: a regional site in the ...
  • Utton, S.; Golay, M. W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 1998-01)
    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) steady progress towards risk-informed performance-based regulation (RIPBR) prompted the practical application of this regulatory tool in order to demonstrate its potential benefits. ...
  • Romano, A.; Todreas, Neil E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-06)
    In order to fulfill the goals set forth by the Generation IV International Forum, the current NERI funded research has focused on the design of a Gas-cooled Fast Reactor (GFR) operating in a Breed and Burn (B&B) fuel ...
  • Liu, H.; Todreas, N. E.; Driscoll, M. J.; Byun, C. S.; Kim, Y. H.; Grodzinsky, M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 1998-02)
    The objective of this project was to investigate a passive containment cooling system (PCCS) for the double concrete containment of the Korean Next Generation Reactor (KNGR). Two conceptual PCCS designs: the thermosyphon ...
  • Bonnet, Nicephore; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2007-07)
    Comparing different nuclear fuel cycles and assessing their implications requires a fuel cycle simulation model as complete and realistic as possible. In this report, methodological implications of modeling choices are ...
  • Hu, Rui; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2007-10)
    At rated conditions, a natural circulation boiling water reactor (NCBWR) depends completely on buoyancy to remove heat from the reactor core. This raises the issue of potential unstable flow oscillations. The objective ...
  • Zhao, J.; Saha, P.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2005-09)
    The Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor (SCWR) is a concept for an advanced reactor that will operate at high pressure (25MPa) and high temperature (500ºC average core exit). The high coolant temperature as it leaves the ...
  • Gibbs, Jonathan Paul; Ballinger, Ronald; Jackson, John (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Systems Enhanced Performance Program, 2011-09)
    Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) susceptibility of Inconel Alloy X-750 in the HTH condition has been evaluated in high purity water at 93 and 288°C under Boiling Water Reactor Normal Water Chemistry (NWC) and Hydrogen Water ...
  • Dostal, Vaclav; Driscoll, Michael J.; Hejzlar, Pavel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2004-03)
    A systematic, detailed major component and system design evaluation and multiple-parameter optimization under practical constraints has been performed of the family of supercritical CO[subscript 2] Brayton power cycles for ...
  • Xu, Z.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2001-05)
    This report addresses the physics of reactor cores that can be operated for 10 to 15 years without refueling — inspired by the objective of enhanced nuclear fuel cycle performance with regard to economics and resistance ...
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