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Browsing Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) by Title

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Browsing Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) by Title

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  • Beer, B. C.; Golay, M. W.; Apostolakis, G. E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Systems Enhanced Performance Program, 2001-02)
  • Feng, Bo; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Forget, Benoit (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2011-06-01)
    This study assesses the neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, and fuel performance aspects of using nitride fuel in place of oxides in Pu-based high conversion light water reactor designs. Using the higher density nitride fuel ...
  • Feinroth, H.; Yuan, Y. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2005-06)
    The viability of depositing a thin porous coating of zirconia on the outer surface of an annular UO[subscript 2] pellet is investigated experimentally. Such a layer has been proposed to buffer the contact between the fuel ...
  • Dozier, Frances E.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Buongiorno, Jacopo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2011-06)
    This report analyzes the feasibility of emplacing DOE-owned defense nuclear waste from weapons production into a permanent borehole repository drilled ~4 km into granite basement rock. Two canister options were analyzed ...
  • Todreas, Neil E.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Fong, Chris J.; Nikiforova, Anna; Petroski, Robert; Shwageraus, Eugene; Whitman, Joshua (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2008-06)
    Executive Summary: The goal of this project is to develop the conceptual designs of fast flexible conversion ratio reactors using lead and liquid salt coolants and to compare the results with a gascooled fast reactor ...
  • Jensen, K. G.; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-03)
    This is the initial progress report under a Sandia-MIT contract dealing with development of engineering and geological siting criteria for deep borehole disposal of spent nuclear fuel or its separated constituents. ...
  • Aquien, A.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hejzlar, Pavel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2006-06)
    The reduction of transuranic inventories of spent nuclear fuel depends upon the deployment of advanced fuels that can be loaded with recycled transuranics (TRU), and the availability of facilities to separate and reprocess ...
  • Handwerk, C. S.; Meyer, J. E.; Todreas, Neil E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 1998-01)
    An integral part of a technical analysis of a core design, fuel performance is especially important for extended operating cycles since the consequences of failed fuel are greater for this operating strategy than for ...
  • Lee, Jeongik (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2007-04)
    Passive cooling via natural circulation of gas after a loss of coolant (LOCA) accident is one of the major goals of the Gas-cooled Fast Reactor (GFR). Due to its high surface heat flux and low coolant velocities under ...
  • Petroski, Robert C.; Forget, Benoit (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2011-02)
    A new theoretical framework is introduced, the “neutron excess” concept, which is useful for analyzing breed-and-burn (B&B) reactors and their fuel cycles. Based on this concept, a set of methods has been developed which ...
  • Massie, Mark Edward; Forget, Benoit (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-09)
    This research focuses on developing a new approach to studying the nuclear fuel cycle: instead of employing the trial and error approach currently used in actinide management studies in which reactors are designed and ...
  • Oggianu, S. M.; Christensen, Holly Colleen No; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2001-05)
    The goal of this work is to select the best candidate fuel materials to deliver high burnup in advanced light water reactors. Uranium and thorium based fuels are considered. These fuel materials must be able to withstand ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Feng, Dandong; Kohse, Gordon E.; Morra, Paolo; Ostrovsky, Yakov; Saha, Pradip; Xu, Zhiwen; Yuan, Yi; Carpenter, David M.; Feinroth, Herbert; Lahoda, Edward J.; Sundaram, Ramu K.; Hamilton, Holly (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2004-07)
    I. Technical Narrative: The overall objective of this NERI project is to examine the potential for a high performance advanced fuel for Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs), which would accommodate a substantial increase of ...
  • Ballinger, Ronald G.; Carpenter, David M.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Feng, Dandong; Kohse, Gordon E.; Lee, Won Jae; No, Hee Cheon; Ostrovsky, Yakov; Otsuka, Yasuyuki; Stahl, Peter; Xu, Zhiwen; Yuan, Yi; Zhang, Jiyun; Feinroth, Herbert; Hao, Bernard; Lahoda, Edward J.; Mazzoccoli, Jason P.; Sundaram, Ramu K.; Hamilton, Holly (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2003-08)
    The overall objective of this NERI project is to examine the potential for a high performance advanced fuel design for Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs), which would accommodate a substantial increase of core power density ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Ballinger, Ronald G.; Carpenter, David M.; Feng, Dandong; Kohse, Gordon E.; Lee, Won Jae; No, Hee Cheon; Ostrovsky, Yakov; Otsuka, Yasuyuki; Stahl, Peter; Xu, Zhiwen; Yuan, Yi; Zhang, Jiyun; Feinroth, Herbert; Hao, Bernard; Lahoda, Edward J.; Mazzoccoli, Jason P.; Sundaram, Ramu K.; Hamilton, Holly (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2003-08)
    B.1.1 VIPRE modeling of PWR core with annular fuel: Optimization studies in the first year used an isolated channel and models for MDNBR analyses. These analyses provided sufficient knowledge of potential thermal hydraulic ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Carpenter, David M.; Feng, Dandong; Kohse, Gordon E.; Lee, Won Jae; Morra, Paolo; No, Hee Cheon; Ostrovsky, Yakov; Otsuka, Yasuyuki; Saha, Pradip; Shwageraus, Eugene; Xu, Zhiwen; Yuan, Yi; Zhang, Jiyun; Feinroth, Herbert; Hao, Bernard; Lahoda, Edward J.; Mazzoccoli, Jason P.; Sundaram, Ramu K.; Hamilton, Holly (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2006-01)
    This summary provides an overview of the results of the U.S. DOE funded NERI (Nuclear Research Energy Initiative) program on development of the internally and externally cooled annular fuel for high power density PWRs. ...
  • Jensen, K. G.; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-04-01)
    This is a progress report covering work through mid-April 2010 under a Sandia-MIT contract dealing with design and siting/licensing criteria for deep borehole disposal of spent nuclear fuel or its separated constituents. It ...
  • Memmott, M. J.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2007-02-01)
    Rising natural gas prices and growing concern over CO[subscript 2] emissions have intensified interest in alternative methods for producing hydrogen. Nuclear energy can be used to produce hydrogen through thermochemical ...
  • Guérin, Laurent; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2009-09)
    The nuclear fuel once-through cycle (OTC) scheme currently practiced in the U.S. leads to accumulation of uranium, transuranic (TRU) and fission product inventories in the spent nuclear fuel. Various separation and ...
  • Feng, D.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hejzlar, Pavel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2005-09)
    One of the ways to lower the cost of nuclear energy is to increase the power density of the reactor core. Features of fuel design that enhance the potential for high power density are derived based on characteristics of ...
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