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Browsing Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) by Title

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Browsing Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) by Title

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  • Morra, P.; Xu, Z.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Saha, P.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2004-12)
    As a promising new fuel for high power density light water reactors, the feasibility of using annular fuel for BWR services is explored from both thermal hydraulic and neutronic points of view. Keeping the bundle size ...
  • Forsberg, Charles W.; Krentz-Wee, Rebecca E.; Lee, You Ho; Oloyede, Isaiah O. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2010-12)
    In a carbon-constrained world or a world of high natural gas prices, the use of fossil-fueled power plants to satisfy variable electricity demands may be limited. Nuclear power plants operating at full capacity with ...
  • Forsberg, Charles W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2011-09)
    The world faces two energy challenges: (1) the national security and economic challenge of dependence on foreign oil and (2) the need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels to avoid climate ...
  • Yildiz, Bilge; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2003-09)
    Nuclear energy can be used for hydrogen production through thermochemical or electrochemical processes for splitting water (and/or steam) into its elemental parts. The overall performance of alternative routes for using ...
  • Haratyk, Geoffrey; Forsberg, Charles W.; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2011-06-01)
    Climate change concerns and expensive oil call for a different mix of energy technologies. Nuclear and renewables attract attention because of their ability to produce electricity while cutting carbon emissions. However ...
  • Galle-Bishop, John Michael; Driscoll, Michael J.; Forsberg, Charles W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2011-06-01)
    Emerging technologies in CO[subscript 2] air capture, high temperature electrolysis, microchannel catalytic conversion, and Generation IV reactor plant systems have the potential to create a shipboard liquid fuel production ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Czerwinski, Kenneth R.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Hejzla, P.; Meyer, J. E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 1999-04)
    The advantages and disadvantages of the use of thorium bearing fuel in light water reactors have been examined several times from the beginning of the nuclear energy era until the late seventies. The recent motivation ...
  • Jeong, Y. H.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hohnholt, K. J.; Yildiz, Bilge (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Energy and Sustainability Program, 2005-05-01)
    The hybrid sulfur cycle (modified from the Westinghouse Cycle) for decomposing water into oxygen and hydrogen is evaluated. Hydrogen is produced by electrolysis of sulfur dioxide and water mixture at low temperature, ...
  • Shwageraus, Eugene; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2003-10)
    The once through nuclear fuel cycle adopted by the majority of countries with operating commercial power reactors imposes a number of concerns. The radioactive waste created in the once through nuclear fuel cycle has to ...
  • Dostal, Vaclav; Hejzlar, Pavel; Todreas, Neil E.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2001-09)
    Cost of electricity is the key factor that determines competitiveness of a power plant. Thus the proper selection, design and optimization of the electric power generating cycle is of main importance. This report makes an ...
  • Kim, D.; Todreas, N. E.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-11)
    The analysis of an indirect helium power conversion system with lead-bismuth natural circulation primary system has been performed. The work of this report is focused on 1) identifying the allowable design region for the ...
  • Kim, D.; Todreas, N. E.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-08)
    The analysis of an indirect steam power conversion system with lead-bismuth natural circulation primary system has been performed. The work of this report is focused on 1) identifying the allowable design region for the ...
  • Jensen, K. G.; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-07)
    This is a progress report covering work through July 2010 under a Sandia-MIT contract dealing with design and siting/licensing criteria for deep borehole disposal of spent nuclear fuel or its separated constituents. The ...
  • Yuen-Ting Wong, S.; Hu, Lin-Wen; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. MIT Reactor Redesign Program, 2008-09-01)
    The MIT Nuclear Research Reactor (MITR) is the only research reactor in the United States that utilizes plate-type fuel elements with longitudinal fins to augment heat transfer. Recent studies on the conversion to ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Ballinger, Ronald G.; Clarno, K. T.; Czerwinski, Kenneth R.; Hejzlar, Pavel; LaFond, P. J.; Long, Y.; Meyer, J. E.; Reynard, M. P.; Schultz, S. P.; Zhao, X. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 1999-06-01)
    1. Summary Project Objectives: Our objective is to develop a fuel consisting of mixed thorium dioxide and uranium dioxide (ThO[subscript 2]-UO[subscript 2]) for existing light water reactors (LWRs) that (a) is less ...
  • Kazimi, Mujid S.; Dobisesky, J.; Carpenter, David M.; Richards, J.; Pilat, Edward E.; Shwageraus, Evgeni (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2011-04)
    The use in present generation PWRs of fuel clad with silicon carbide rather than Zircaloy has been evaluated as an aid to reaching higher discharge burnups and to operation at higher reactor power levels. A preliminary ...
  • Shatilla, Y.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2006-09)
    Elements of the new Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) initiative in the US call for the expansion of domestic use of nuclear power and the minimization of nuclear waste. To achieve both goals in the short term the ...
  • Beccherle, J.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2007-09)
    The internally and externally cooled annular fuel is a new type of fuel for PWRs that enables an increase in core power density by 50% within the same or better safety margins as traditional solid fuel. Each annular fuel ...
  • Sapiie, B.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Jensen, K. G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-01)
    This report develops and exercises broad-area site selection criteria for deep boreholes suitable for disposal of spent nuclear fuel and/or its separated constituents. Three candidates are examined: a regional site in the ...
  • Utton, S.; Golay, M. W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 1998-01)
    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) steady progress towards risk-informed performance-based regulation (RIPBR) prompted the practical application of this regulatory tool in order to demonstrate its potential benefits. ...
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