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Browsing Earth Resources Laboratory Industry Consortia Technical Reports by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

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Browsing Earth Resources Laboratory Industry Consortia Technical Reports by Title

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  • Tang, X. M.; Cheng, C. H. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1991)
    This study investigates the propagation of borehole Stoneley waves across heterogeneous and permeable structures. By modeling the structure as a zone intersecting the borehole, a simple one-dimensional theory is formulated ...
  • Zhu, Zhenya; Tang, Xiaoming; Cheng, C. H.; Toksoz, M. N. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1992)
    The attenuation of borehole Stoneley waves across a permeable structure (e.g., fractures or fracture zone) is correlated with the permeability of the structure. Using a simplified Biot theory, the structure can be modelled ...
  • Cheng, Ningya; Cheng, C. H.; Toksoz, M. N. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1994)
    In this paper we developed a 3-D finite difference method to simulate wave propagations in an isotropic medium. The wave equation is formulated into the first-order hyperbolic equations by using velocity and stress and ...
  • Cheng, Ningya; Cheng, C. H.; Toksoz, M. N. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1994)
    In this paper we extend the 3-D finite difference method to simulate wave propagations in an anisotropic medium. The scheme is tested in the homogeneous medium. The finite difference results agree excellently with the ...
  • Cheng, Ningya; Cheng, C. H.; Toksoz, M. N. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1994)
    In this paper we apply the 3-D finite difference method to simulate borehole wave propagations in an isotropic formation. The scheme is tested in a fluid-filled borehole surrounded by the homogeneous elastic formation. ...
  • Gibson, Richard L., Jr. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1993)
    Stationary phase solutions for the radiation patterns of borehole sources are commonly used to study the far-field seismic wavefields produced in crosshole or reverse VSP experiments, but they break down when the formation ...
  • Peng, Chengbin; Cheng, C. H.; Toksoz, M. N.; Zhu, Zhenya (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1993)
    Approximate and exact formulations are presented for the interaction of an incident wave with a cased borehole. In the approximate method, the borehole coupling theory is used to compute pressure in the fluid at a low ...
  • Rao, Rama V.N.; Cheng, Arthur C. H.; Toksoz, M. Nafi; Mandal, Batakrishna (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1997)
    The cement bond evaluation tool is a device used to examine the integrity of cement bonding to the casing. A conceptual tool operating between 80-200 kHz is considered here, with a transmitter and two receivers, oriented ...
  • Sze, Edmond; Toksoz, M. Nafi; Burns, Daniel R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 2005)
    Fluid production and injection in hydrocarbon and geothermal reservoirs generally results in induced seismic activity. In this paper we study the microseismic activity in a petroleum field in Oman. The microearthquake data ...
  • Willis, Mark E.; Burns, Daniel R.; Rao, Rama V. N.; Minsley, Burke J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 2003)
    It is important to be able to detect and characterize naturally occurring fractures in reservoirs using surface seismic reflection data. 3D finite difference elastic modeling is used to create simulated surface seismic ...
  • Zhao, Xiaomin; Toksoz, M. Nafi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1991)
    An inversion procedure has been formulated to estimate the surface roughness of a joint (fracture) from the measured pressure-closure data. A gamma distribution for the local minima (or maxima) on a topography profile ...
  • Michelet, Sophie; Toksoz, M. Nafi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 2005)
    In 2000 and 2003, two massive hydraulic fracturing experiments were carried out at the European Geothermal Hot Dry Rock site at Soultz-sous-Forêts, France. The objective was to create a dense network of enhanced ...
  • Zhang, Yang; Chi, Shihong; Willis, Mark E.; Burns, Daniel R.; Toksoz, M. Nafi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 2005)
    In fractured reservoir development, azimuthal AVO (AVOaz) properties of reflected PP waves from reservoir tops are often used to infer fracture properties. The fracture parameter inversion is based on either an effective ...
  • Briggs, Victoria; Rao, Rama V. N.; Grandi, Samantha K.; Burns, Daniel R.; Chi, Shihong (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 2004)
    Data measured by both wireline and LWD tools in the same borehole are compared. Discrepancies in shear velocities as calculated from the data are on average around 5% and discrepancies between compressional velocities are ...
  • Willis, Mark E.; Zhang, Yang; Burns, Daniel R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 2004)
    We present results of 3D numerical modeling using a series of simple point scatterers to create synthetic seismic shot records collected over regular, discrete, vertical fracture systems. The background medium is taken to ...
  • Cheng, Ningya; Schultz, Craig A.; Toksoz, M. Nafi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1995)
    In this paper we compared scattered waves from 2-D and 3-D interface structures. The modeling technique is the 3-D time domain finite difference method. The scheme is second-order accurate in time and fourth-order accurate ...
  • Nihei, Kurt T.; Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan B.; Campman, Xander; Toksoz, M. Nafi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 2006-05-28)
    Seismic tomography, as typically practiced on both the exploration, crustal, and global scales, considers only the arrival times of selected sets of phases and relies primarily on WKBJ theory during inversion. Since the ...
  • Cheng, C. H. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1992)
    A commonly used model for a transversely anisotropic crack rock is that by Hudson (1980, 1981). This model is based on a simplified analysis of a thin circular crack, with displacement and stress conditions specified on ...
  • Zhu, Zheny; Toksoz, M. Nafi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 2002)
    A seismic wave propagating in a fluid-saturated porous media, moves ions in the double layer between the fluid and solid and induces an electric field. When there is discontinuity (such as a fracture), the seismic wave ...
  • Cheng, Ningya; Cheng, C. H. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory, 1995)
    For linear wave propagation in anisotropic media, the principle of superposition still holds. The decomposition of the acoustic dipole log is based on this principle. In the forward decomposition inline and crossline ...
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