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Seismic Scattering Attributes to Estimate Reservoir Fracture Density: A Numerical Modeling Study

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dc.contributor.author Pearce, Frederick Douglas
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-20T17:58:14Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-20T17:58:14Z
dc.date.issued 2003-09
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/68615
dc.description.abstract We use a 3-D finite difference numerical model to generate synthetic seismograms from a simple fractured reservoir containing evenly-spaced, discrete, vertical fracture zones. The fracture zones are represented using a single column of anisotropic grid points. In our experiments, we vary the spacing of the fracture zones from 10-meters to 100-meters, corresponding to fracture density values from 0.1- to 0.01-fractures/meter, respectively. The vertical component of velocity is analyzed using integrated amplitude and spectral attributes that focus on time windows around the base reservoir reflection and the scattered wave coda after the base reservoir reflection. Results from a common shot gather show that when the fracture zones are spaced greater than about a quarter wavelength of a P-wave in the reservoir we see 1) significant loss of amplitude and coherence in the base reservoir reflection and 2) a large increase in bulk scattered energy. Wavenumber spectra for integrated amplitude versus offset from the time window containing the base reservoir reflection show spectral peaks corresponding to the fracture density. Frequency versus wavenumber plots for receivers normal to the fractures separate backscattered events that correspond to spectral peaks with positive wavenumbers and relatively narrow frequency ranges. In general, backscattered events show an increase in peak frequency as fracture density is increased. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Eni S.p.A. (Firm) en_US
dc.description.sponsorship United States. Dept. of Energy (Grant number DE-FC26-02NT15346) en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Earth Resources Laboratory en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Earth Resources Laboratory Industry Consortia Annual Report;2004-04
dc.title Seismic Scattering Attributes to Estimate Reservoir Fracture Density: A Numerical Modeling Study en_US
dc.type Technical Report en_US
dc.contributor.mitauthor Pearce, Frederick Douglas
dspace.orderedauthors Pearce, Frederick Douglas en_US


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