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The thermophysical properties of seawater: A review of existing correlations and data

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dc.contributor.author Sharqawy, Mostafa H.
dc.contributor.author Lienhard, John H.
dc.contributor.author Zubair, Syed M.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-22T17:16:30Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-22T17:16:30Z
dc.date.issued 2010-04
dc.date.submitted 2009-11
dc.identifier.issn 1944-3994
dc.identifier.issn 1944-3986
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/69157
dc.description http://www.deswater.com/vol16.php en_US
dc.description.abstract Correlations and data for the thermophysical properties of seawater are reviewed. Properties examined include density, specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity, dynamic viscosity, surface tension, vapor pressure, boiling point elevation, latent heat of vaporization, specific enthalpy, specific entropy and osmotic coefficient. These properties include those needed for design of thermal and membrane desalination processes. Results are presented in terms of regression equations as functions of temperature and salinity. The available correlations for each property are summarized with their range of validity and accuracy. Best-fi tted new correlations are obtained from available data for density, dynamic viscosity, surface tension, boiling point elevation, specific enthalpy, specific entropy and osmotic coefficient after appropriate conversion of temperature and salinity scales to the most recent standards. In addition, a model for latent heat of vaporization is suggested. Comparisons are carried out among these correlations, and recommendations are provided for each property, particularly over the ranges of temperature and salinity common in thermal and/or reverse osmosis seawater desalination applications. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Center for Clean Water and Clean Energy at MIT and KFUPM en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Desalination Publications en_US
dc.relation.isversionof http://dx.doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2010.1079 en_US
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ en_US
dc.source Prof. Lienhard via Angie Locknar en_US
dc.title The thermophysical properties of seawater: A review of existing correlations and data en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.citation Sharqawy, Mostafa H., John H. Lienhard V and Syed M. Zubair. "The thermophysical properties of seawater: A review of existing correlations and data." Desalination and Water Treatment, 16 (April 2010) 354–380. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering en_US
dc.contributor.approver Lienhard, John H.
dc.contributor.mitauthor Lienhard, John H.
dc.contributor.mitauthor Sharqawy, Mostafa H.
dc.relation.journal Desalination and Water Treatment en_US
dc.identifier.mitlicense OPEN_ACCESS_POLICY en_US
dc.eprint.version Author's final manuscript en_US
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle en_US
eprint.status http://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed en_US
dspace.orderedauthors Sharqawy, Mostafa H.; Lienhard V., John H.; Zubair, Syed M. en


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