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Aviation environmental policy effects on national- and regional-scale air quality, noise, and climate impacts

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dc.contributor.advisor Ian A Waitz. en_US
dc.contributor.author Wolfe, Philip J. (Philip James) en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-02T15:48:40Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-02T15:48:40Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/71505
dc.description Thesis (S.M. in Technology and Policy)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Engineering Systems Division, Technology and Policy Program; and, (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, February 2012. en_US
dc.description "February 2012." Cataloged from PDF version of thesis. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 129-140). en_US
dc.description.abstract The continued growth of the aviation industry poses a challenge to policy-makers and industry stakeholders as each decision represents a trade-off on efficiency, equity, and environmental impact. The Aviation environmental Portfolio Management Tool - Impacts (APMT-Impacts) module has been developed to calculate physical damages from aviation's impact on ambient noise, local air quality, and climate change. The main objective of this thesis is the continued development of a framework for examining aviation environmental policy by expanding the current modeling capability and addressing key shortcomings in decision-making practices. First, climate modeling assumptions, particularly those related to background emissions scenarios and short-lived radiative forcing agents, are examined, and a temperature-response model based on a two-box ocean model with advective flux and diffusion is developed. Second, a cost-benefit analysis of a proposed NOx Stringency policy is performed. The analysis shows that increased engine stringency is not cost-beneficial under several traditional lenses and discount rates. However, lenses accounting for conservative assumptions in air quality and uncertainty in technology cost estimates show benefits for a range of stringency increases highlighting the need for flexibility in the analysis approach, the use of engineering judgment, and open communication between decision-makers and analysts. This cost-benefit analysis is compared to a traditional cost-effectiveness approach. Finally, this thesis lays out the need for supplemental analyses on a regional scale to address who bears the cost and gains the benefits of a given policy. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Philip J. Wolfe. en_US
dc.format.extent 140 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582 en_US
dc.subject Engineering Systems Division. en_US
dc.subject Technology and Policy Program. en_US
dc.subject Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US
dc.title Aviation environmental policy effects on national- and regional-scale air quality, noise, and climate impacts en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree S.M. en_US
dc.description.degree S.M.in Technology and Policy en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Technology and Policy Program. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 796500783 en_US


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