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Browsing Physics - Ph.D. / Sc.D. by Issue Date

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Browsing Physics - Ph.D. / Sc.D. by Issue Date

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  • Sfakianakis, Evangelos I (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis I study the generation of density perturbations in two classes of inflationary models: hybrid inflation and multifield inflation with non-minimal coupling to gravity. In the case of hybrid inflation, we ...
  • Deck, Katherine Michele (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    A large population of low-mass exoplanets with short orbital periods has been discovered using the transit method. At least 40% of these planets are actually part of compact systems with more than one planet. The closeness ...
  • Bertolini, Daniele, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis we study possible deviations from the electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism as predicted by the Standard Model (SM), and we introduce a new framework to analyze hadronic final states at colliders. In the ...
  • Thomas, Zachary Talbott (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis, I explore various experimental, theoretical, and observational consequences of supersymmetry (SUSY). I show how copious production of Higgs bosons in SUSY events at the LHC can be a striking signal of ...
  • Golyk, Vladyslav Alexander (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    We study fluctuation-induced phenomena in systems out of thermal equilibrium, resulting from the stochastic nature of quantum and thermal fluctuations of electromagnetic currents and waves. Specifically, we study radiative ...
  • Dyer, Ethan Stanley (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis we discuss aspects of strongly coupled gauge theories in two and three dimensions. In three dimensions, we present results for the scaling dimension and transformation properties of monopole operators in ...
  • Ojeda, Roberto Sanchis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Over the past 20 years, approximately 1700 planets outside of the solar system have been found. Known as exoplanets, they represent a great opportunity to answer some of the deepest questions about the origin and evolution ...
  • Kim, Yongsun, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    The kinematic correlations of isolated-[gamma]+jet scatterings in proton-proton and lead-lead collisions at centre-of-mass energy of 2.76TeV per nucleon pair are studied for the investigation of the jet quenching phenomena ...
  • Markowitz, Jared (Jared John) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    In this thesis we present a data-driven neuromuscular model of human walking and its application to prosthesis control. The model is novel in that it leverages tendon elasticity to more accurately predict the metabolic ...
  • Faghfoor M., Mohammad (Faghfoor Maghrebi) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    In this thesis, we investigate the implications of fluctuations in systems away, possibly even far, from equilibrium due to their motion either in or out of thermal equilibrium. This subject encompasses several topics in ...
  • Sommer, Ariel T. (Ariel Tjodolv) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    Experiments using ultracold atomic gases address fundamental problems in many-body physics. This thesis describes experiments on strongly-interacting gases of fermionic atoms, with a focus on non-equilibrium physics and ...
  • Soumyanarayanan, Anjan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    The advent of a broad class of two-dimensional (2D) electronic materials has provided avenues to create and study designer electronic quantum phases. The coexistence of superconductivity, magnetism, density waves, and other ...
  • Ma, Frank Teng (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    In this thesis the jet fragmentation function of inclusive jets with transverse momentum PT > 100 GeV/c in PbPb collisions is measured for reconstructed charged particles with PT > 1 GeV/c within the jet cone. A data sample ...
  • Lau, Cornwall (Cornwall HongMan) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    A 100-146GHz swept-frequency X-mode reflectometer constructed and installed at three poloidal locations adjacent to the lower hybrid (LH) launcher and one location adjacent to the new field aligned ion cyclotron range of ...
  • Wu, Cheng-Hsun, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    This thesis describes the construction of a new apparatus for ultracold quantum gases as well as the scientific results this machine has produced so far. This new apparatus is capable of simultaneously cooling and trapping ...
  • Yilmaz, Yetkin (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    The collision of highly relativistic nuclei can produce a volume of high energy density which can be used to learn about the behavior of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) at extreme conditions, such as those of the universe at ...
  • Terao, Kazuhiro (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    Double CHOOZ is a reactor antineutrino experiment built to measure [theta]13. The experiment is designed to use two detectors at different baselines (400 m and 1 km) to precisely measure the disappearance of ve from the ...
  • Hays-Wehle, James Prewitt (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    Inclusive measurements from polarized proton-proton collisions at RHIC have constrained [Delta]g, the polarized gluon distribution function of the proton. Correlation observables, such as this pion+jet measurement, allow ...
  • Bendavid, Joshua Lorne (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    We have performed a search for the production of the standard model Higgs boson decaying to diphotons in pp collisions at the LHC at [square root of]s = 7-8 TeV with the CMS detector. Having analyzed data corresponding to ...
  • Qiu, Wenjun (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    In this thesis, we will theoretically explore three nanophotonics phenomena which enable strong light-matter interaction. The first phenomenon is plasmonic resonance, where the surface plasmon mode at metal and dielectric ...
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