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Browsing Theses - Linguistics and Philosophy by Issue Date

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Browsing Theses - Linguistics and Philosophy by Issue Date

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  • Horowitz, Sophie Pilloo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Any non-skeptical epistemological theory should hold that, if we want to know what the world is like, our best bet is to believe what our evidence supports. Evidence is a guide to truth. Though it might sound like a ...
  • Podobryaev, Alexander (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    This dissertation is about person features, their representation and interpretation in natural language. I will argue that there are several ways in which person features can be represented and interpreted. Most importantly, ...
  • Nonato, Rafael (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis I ponder over a constellation of phenomena that revolve around switch reference and coordination, drawing mainly on their instantiation in Kisedje (Je, Brazil). I start by investigating Klsedje's case system. ...
  • Nikolaeva, Liudmila, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    This thesis explores the relationship between anaphora and movement on a wide array of data primarily from Russian. I argue that anaphors and pronominals are underlyingly the same syntactic entity, an index, whereas ...
  • Howard, Edwin Martin (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    This paper concerns itself with the superlative morpheme -est and its ability to license Negative Polarity Items (NPIs) such as any or ever, and in particular the compositional analysis of a puzzling type of utterance which ...
  • Ivlieva, Natalia (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    This dissertation explores the role of scalar implicatures in the grammar of plurality and disjunction. I argue that scalar implicatures are relevant not only for the meaning of plurals and disjunctions, but also for their ...
  • Hagen, Daniel Scott (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    What is virtue and can it be taught? These questions preoccupied Socrates and this dissertation offers a Socratic answer to them. In Chapter 1 ("Virtue as Expert Moral Knowledge") I develop and defend a novel interpretation ...
  • Khanjian, Hrayr (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    This thesis focuses on concord structures found in Western Armenian. I label a structure as concord if two morphemes found in the same clause bear the same feature, yet only result in one semantic interpretation of that ...
  • Al Khatib, Sam (Samer) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    A problem is detected in how only, traditionally viewed, associates with Negative Quantifiers (NQs) like few, [at most n], and [less than n]. The predicted meanings, which negate the stronger alternatives of the relevant ...
  • Yanovich, Igor (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    The main part of this dissertation consists of four loosely connected chapters on the semantics of modals. The chapters inform each other and employ similar methods, but generally each one is self-contained and can be read ...
  • Meyer, Marie-Christine, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    In this thesis, I propose a new theory of implicature. I argue that the two main theories available so far - the (Neo-)Gricean pragmatic theory on the one hand (e.g., Sauerland (2004)), and the hybrid grammatical theory ...
  • Do, Young Ah (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    What is the initial state of the grammar when children begin to figure out patterns of phonological alternations? This thesis documents the developmental stages of children acquiring Korean verb and noun paradigms, and ...
  • Carr, Jennifer Rose (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    Bayesianism, in its traditional form, consists of two claims about rational credences. According to the first claim, probabilism, rational credences form a probability function. According to the second claim, conditionalization, ...
  • Rochford, Damien (Damien Joseph) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
    This paper is about how agents learn. There is a picture of learning that is very influential in epistemology; I call it 'the Classical Picture'. As influential as it is, it is a flawed picture of learning, and epistemology ...
  • Greco, Daniel (Daniel Louis) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
    In this dissertation I defend some controversial "level-bridging" principles in epistemology. In the first chapter, I defend the KK principle-the principle that if one knows that P, then one knows that one knows that P. I ...
  • Emery, Nina R. (Nina Rebecca) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
    This thesis is about the philosophical and scientific significance of chance. Specifically, I ask whether there is a single notion of chance that both plays a well-defined scientific role and proves useful for various ...
  • Schoenfield, Miriam (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
    Being rational and being moral can be difficult. However, some theories of rationality and morality make living up to these ideals too difficult by imposing requirements which are excessively rigid. In this dissertation, ...
  • Halpert, Claire (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
    In this thesis, I examine some core grammatical phenomena - case licensing, agreement, the EPP - through the lens of the Bantu language Zulu. Zulu has a number of remarkable and puzzling properties whose analysis affords ...
  • Thomas, Guillaume (Guillaume Pierre Yves) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
    This dissertation proposes a theory of temporal implicatures, and applies it to the study of tense in Mbyá Guaraní. It is composed of two parts. In the first one, I discuss the analyses of temporal implicatures developed ...
  • Sliwa, Paulina Anna (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
    This dissertation is about agents like us, who are both epistemically flawed and morally imperfect. First, how should such agents form and revise their moral beliefs? Second, how should we morally evaluate the actions of ...
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