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Browsing Theses - Physics by Issue Date

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Browsing Theses - Physics by Issue Date

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  • Safavi-Naini, Arghavan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    The presence of strong interactions in quantum many-body systems makes the analytical treatment of such systems very difficult. In this thesis we explore two possible proposals for simulating strongly correlated, quantum ...
  • Gentry, Eric S (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    New images from the Hubble Space Telescope of the FRII radio galaxy Pictor A reveal a number of jet knot candidates which coincide with previously detected radio and x-ray knots. Previous observations in x-ray and radio ...
  • Deck, Katherine Michele (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    A large population of low-mass exoplanets with short orbital periods has been discovered using the transit method. At least 40% of these planets are actually part of compact systems with more than one planet. The closeness ...
  • Uspal, William Eric (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Flow of microparticles through geometrically confined spaces is a core element of most microfluidic technologies. Flowing particles are typically ordered and manipulated with external forces or coflowing streams, but these ...
  • Lopez, Jeremy Paul (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Astronomical and cosmological evidence suggests that 27% of the energy content of the universe is in the form of non-baryonic matter referred to as "dark matter." Weakly interacting massive particles have long been considered ...
  • Baugher, Britton William Herbert (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Electronic transport in atomically thin layered materials has been a burgeoning field of study since the discovery of isolated single layer graphene in 2004. Graphene, a semi-metal, has a unique gapless Dirac-like band ...
  • Thomas, Zachary Talbott (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis, I explore various experimental, theoretical, and observational consequences of supersymmetry (SUSY). I show how copious production of Higgs bosons in SUSY events at the LHC can be a striking signal of ...
  • Dyer, Ethan Stanley (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis we discuss aspects of strongly coupled gauge theories in two and three dimensions. In three dimensions, we present results for the scaling dimension and transformation properties of monopole operators in ...
  • Bertolini, Daniele, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis we study possible deviations from the electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism as predicted by the Standard Model (SM), and we introduce a new framework to analyze hadronic final states at colliders. In the ...
  • Heine, Sarah Nicole Trowbridge (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Charge exchange, the semi-resonant transfer of an electron from a neutral atom to an excited state in an energetic ion, can occur in plasmas where energetic ions are incident on a cold, at least partially neutral gas. ...
  • Ralph, Duncan (Duncan Kelley) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Results are presented on 5.1 fb- 1 of proton-proton collisions at a center of mass energy of 7 TeV and 19.7 fb- 1 at 8 TeV in a search for decays of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson to two Z bosons to four charged ...
  • Mezei, Márk (Márk Koppany) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    We devote this thesis to the exploration of how to define the number of degrees of freedom in quantum field theory. Intuitively, the number of degrees of freedom should decrease along the renormalization group (RG) flow, ...
  • Lekaveckas, Mindaugas (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis properties of probe particle traveling through quark gluon plasma as created in heavy ion collisions are investigated. In the first part, probability distribution P(k1 ) is calculated for an energetic parton ...
  • Dutta, Valentina (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis, I describe the search for a Higgs boson through its decay to a pair of tan leptons with the tau-pair subsequently decaying to ail electron, a muon, and neutrinos. The search is performed using data collected ...
  • Sfakianakis, Evangelos I (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In this thesis I study the generation of density perturbations in two classes of inflationary models: hybrid inflation and multifield inflation with non-minimal coupling to gravity. In the case of hybrid inflation, we ...
  • Sierchio, Jennifer Marie (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    In the past, two methods for analyzing data from the Gas Puff Imaging diagnostic on Alcator C-Mod have been used. One uses temporal and spatial Fourier analysis to obtain wavenumber-frequency spectra, from which a phase ...
  • Ojeda, Roberto Sanchis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Over the past 20 years, approximately 1700 planets outside of the solar system have been found. Known as exoplanets, they represent a great opportunity to answer some of the deepest questions about the origin and evolution ...
  • Golyk, Vladyslav Alexander (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    We study fluctuation-induced phenomena in systems out of thermal equilibrium, resulting from the stochastic nature of quantum and thermal fluctuations of electromagnetic currents and waves. Specifically, we study radiative ...
  • Yu, Yichao (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    This thesis presents our work on developing and improving the techniques of trapping and cooling an ultra-cold cloud of Lithium-7 atoms and the realization of the Bose- Einstein condensate as a first step to study quantum ...
  • Zhou, Xiang-Yu (Xiang-Yu Leo) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
    Adiabatic Quantum Computation, while attractive due to its "hands-off" approach and intrinsic tolerance of noise, has not been shown to be fully fault-tolerant in a satisfying manner. The protection of the evolution from ...
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