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The role of military-industrial relations in the history of vaccine innovation

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dc.contributor.advisor David Mindell. en_US Hoyt, Kendall L. (Kendall Lindquist), 1971- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Program in Science, Technology and Society. en_US 2005-08-24T20:03:36Z 2005-08-24T20:03:36Z 2002 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Program in Science, Technology and Society, June 2002. en_US
dc.description "May 2002." Vita. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 193-205). en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis examines the historical conditions that have contributed to high rates of vaccine innovation in the U.S. during the twentieth century. Empirical analysis of vaccine license data demonstrates that the highest rates of innovation were achieved during the 1940's. Historical analysis of this data indicates that a large percentage of these innovations were the product of World War II vaccine development programs. Participation in these programs fostered a uniquely productive culture of collaboration between military and industrial vaccine developers that persisted through the postwar era, maintaining innovation rates through the 1960's and early 1970's. By the mid-1970's, however, the historical circumstances and cultural factors that engendered and sustained military-industrial collaboration began to change, causing rates of vaccine innovation to fall and vaccine stocks to dwindle. Poor economic incentives for vaccine development are often cited as the reason for falling rates of innovation. This explanation is correct but incomplete, because, for example, economic incentives for vaccine development were poor during the 1940's and 1950's, when innovation rates were high. I demonstrate that vaccine innovation is tied to levels of military-industrial collaboration and that declining rates of innovation in recent decades are associated with the disruption of this military-industrial culture of collaboration. Finally, drawing on lessons from this history of military-industrial relations, I examine the opportunities and challenges that the new "war on terrorism" presents for efforts to improve vaccine innovation and supplies. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility Kendall L. Hoyt. en_US
dc.format.extent 227 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 22367994 bytes
dc.format.extent 22367750 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Program in Science, Technology and Society. en_US
dc.title The role of military-industrial relations in the history of vaccine innovation en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Program in Science, Technology and Society. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 51055743 en_US

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