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Adaptively prestressed concrete structures

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dc.contributor.advisor Jerome J. Connor. en_US Nicklisch, Arndt W., 1975- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering. en_US 2005-08-22T23:04:26Z 2005-08-22T23:04:26Z 2000 en_US 2000 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2000. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 93-96). en_US
dc.description.abstract Passive structures react effectively to only one dominant loading condition. Adaptive structures in contrast can deal with multiple loading conditions and unanticipated events at the same time. Truly adaptive civil structures do not exist. Concrete structures can be made adaptive through variable prestressing. Design concepts for an adaptive prestressed concrete girder are formulated in this research. Loading conditions and desired capabilities of the proposed system are defined. The system architecture is composed of sensors, a monitoring and control scheme, and actuators. These system components perform state identification, decision-making, and implementation of actions. Each system component is assigned requirements that are necessary to deal with all loading conditions in an appropriate way. Existing sensor technologies are explained and evaluated with respect to their capabilities to fulfill their functional requirements. A monitoring scheme is designed to interpret data assessed by the sensors for state identification. Adaptive control systems cannot be designed with conventional control algorithms. New control decision systems such as neural nets, expert systems, and fuzzy logic systems are needed for this task. Here, these systems are presented in general as forms of adaptive control. For each loading condition of the proposed system, a control strategy is developed. For the control of fluctuating live loads, a fuzzy logic based control scheme is proposed. Criteria for the selection of actuator technologies are given, and candidate actuator technologies are described and evaluated. Lastly, the problems associated with integrating the system components into a single system are discussed. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Arndt W. Nicklisch. en_US
dc.format.extent 96 leaves en_US
dc.format.extent 7831702 bytes
dc.format.extent 7831463 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Civil and Environmental Engineering. en_US
dc.title Adaptively prestressed concrete structures en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 45244720 en_US

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