Quantum Nonlinear Hall Effect Induced by Berry Curvature Dipole in Time-Reversal Invariant Materials
Author(s)Fu, Liang; Sodemann Villadiego, Inti A.
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It is well known that a nonvanishing Hall conductivity requires broken time-reversal symmetry. However, in this work, we demonstrate that Hall-like currents can occur in second-order response to external electric fields in a wide class of time-reversal invariant and inversion breaking materials, at both zero and twice the driving frequency. This nonlinear Hall effect has a quantum origin arising from the dipole moment of the Berry curvature in momentum space, which generates a net anomalous velocity when the system is in a current-carrying state. The nonlinear Hall coefficient is a rank-two pseudotensor, whose form is determined by point group symmetry. We discus optimal conditions to observe this effect and propose candidate two- and three-dimensional materials, including topological crystalline insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides, and Weyl semimetals.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Physical Review Letters
American Physical Society
Sodemann, Inti, and Liang Fu. “Quantum Nonlinear Hall Effect Induced by Berry Curvature Dipole in Time-Reversal Invariant Materials.” Physical Review Letters 115, no. 21 (November 2015). © 2015 American Physical Society
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