Experimental studies of hybrid photonic band gap accelerator structures
Experimental studies of PGB accelerator structures.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics.
Richard J. Temkin.
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This thesis reports the first high power tests of a hybrid photonic band gap (PBG) accelerator structure. PBG structures can support a single electromagnetic mode, thus damping higher-order modes (HOMs) generated by wakefields. We have designed, built and successfully tested a 17.14 GHz hybrid PBG (HPBG) structure containing both dielectric and metallic elements. Dielectric elements have low loss and the potential to survive high surface electromagnetic fields. The HPBG structure was constructed as a triangular lattice array with sapphire rods inside and copper rods outside sandwiched between copper plates. The lattice parameter and the rod pattern were adjusted to excite a high-Q TM0 2 mode and to suppress HOMs. This overmoded operation is a unique and novel feature of the hybrid design. The design included the birefringence of sapphire. Simulations showed relatively high surface fields at the triple point where sapphire, copper and vacuum meet as well as in any gaps between components in the clamped assembly. Three structures were tested with later structures designed to sequentially reduce the surface electric field. The third structure used sapphire rods with pin extensions at each end and obtained the highest gradient of 19 MV/m, corresponding to a surface E field of 78 MV/m, with a breakdown probability of 5 x 10 1 /pulse/m in 45-ns pulses. Operation above 20 MV/m gradient led to runaway breakdowns with extensive light emission and eventual damage. For all three structures, multipactor light emission was observed at gradients well below the breakdown threshold. Breakdown damage was found at the triple point where surface fields peaked. The deposition of copper onto sapphire resulting from breakdowns might eventually degrade the cavity quality. This research indicated that multipactor triggered at the triple point limited the operational gradient of the hybrid structure. These experiments represent the first high power tests of a hybrid PBG structure. The gradient achieved of 19 MV/m is the highest achieved with a dielectric structure. The gradient was found to be limited by multipactor and breakdown. The overmoded cavity with relatively large beam apertures might still find applications at high frequency or in high current transmission.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, 2016.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 211-217).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology