Asymptotic analysis of numerical wave propagation in finite difference equations
Author(s)Giles, M. (Michael); Thompkins, William T.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Gas Turbine and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory
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An asymptotic technique is developed for analysing the propagation and dissipation of wave-like solutions to finite difference equations. It is shown that for each fixed complex frequency there are usually several wave solutions with different wavenumbers and the slowly varying amplitude of each satisfies an asymptotic amplitude equation which includes the effects of smoothly varying coefficients in the finite difference equation's. The local group velocity appears in this equation as the velocity of convection of the amplitude. Asymptotic boundary conditions coupling the amplitudes of the different wave solutions are also derived. A wave packet theory is developed which predicts the motion, and interaction at boundaries, of wavepackets, wave-like disturbances of finite length. Comparison with numerical experiments demonstrates the success and limitations of the theory. Finally an asymptotic global stability analysis is developed which gives results which agree with other stability analyses and which can be applied to a wider range of problems.
March 1983Also issued as: Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1983Includes bibliographical references (page 134)
Cambridge, Mass. : Gas Turbine & Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
GT & PDL report ; no. 171