Convective Heat Transfer in a High Aspect Ratio Minichannel Heated on One Side
Author(s)Forrest, Eric C.; Buongiorno, Jacopo; Hu, Lin-Wen; McKrell, Thomas J
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Experimental results are presented for single-phase heat transfer in a narrow rectangular minichannel heated on one side. The aspect ratio and gap thickness of the test channel were 29:1 and 1.96 mm, respectively. Friction pressure drop and Nusselt numbers are reported for the transition and fully turbulent flow regimes, with Prandtl numbers ranging from 2.2 to 5.4. Turbulent friction pressure drop for the high aspect ratio channel is well-correlated by the Blasius solution when a modified Reynolds number, based upon a laminar equivalent diameter, is utilized. The critical Reynolds number for the channel falls between 3500 and 4000, with Nusselt numbers in the transition regime being reasonably predicted by Gnielinski's correlation. The dependence of the heat transfer coefficient on the Prandtl number is larger than that predicted by circular tube correlations, and is likely a result of the asymmetric heating. The problem of asymmetric heating condition is approached theoretically using a boundary layer analysis with a two-region wall layer model, similar to that originally proposed by Prandtl. The analysis clarifies the influence of asymmetric heating on the Nusselt number and correctly predicts the experimentally observed trend with Prandtl number. A semi-analytic correlation is derived from the analysis that accounts for the effect of aspect ratio and asymmetric heating, and is shown to predict the experimental results of this study with a mean absolute error (MAE) of less than 5% for 4000 < Re < 70,000.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering; MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory
Journal of Heat Transfer
Forrest, Eric C. et al. “Convective Heat Transfer in a High Aspect Ratio Minichannel Heated on One Side.” Journal of Heat Transfer 138.2 (2015): 21704. © 2016 by ASME
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