Approximation algorithms for rapid evaluation and optimization of architectural and civil structures
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Computation for Design and Optimization Program.
Caitlin T. Mueller.
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This thesis explores the use of approximation algorithms, sometimes called surrogate modelling, in the early-stage design of structures. The use of approximation models to evaluate design performance scores rapidly could lead to a more in-depth exploration of a design space and its trade-offs and also aid in reducing the computation time of optimization algorithms. Six machine-learning-based approximation models have been examined, chosen so that they span a wide range of different characteristics. A complete framework from the parametrization of a design space and sampling, to the construction of the approximation models and their assessment and comparison has been developed. New methodologies and metrics to evaluate model performance and understand their prediction error are introduced. The concepts examined are extensively applied to case studies of multi-objective design problems of architectural and civil structures. The contribution of this research lies in the cohesive and broad framework for approximation via surrogate modelling with new novel metrics and approaches that can assist designers in the conception of more efficient, functional as well as diverse structures. Key words: surrogate modelling, conceptual design, structural design, structural optimization.
Thesis: S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Center for Computational Engineering, Computation for Design and Optimization Program, 2015.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 109-111).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Computation for Design and Optimization Program
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Computation for Design and Optimization Program.