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dc.contributor.advisorCaroline Ross.en_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Jinshuo, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-11T19:58:21Z
dc.date.available2017-05-11T19:58:21Z
dc.date.copyright2017en_US
dc.date.issued2017en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/108968
dc.descriptionThesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 2017.en_US
dc.descriptionCataloged from PDF version of thesis.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (pages 155-168).en_US
dc.description.abstractMagnetic based devices such as hard disk drives (HDDs) are widely used in the computer industry because of their high memory capacity, non-volatility and low cost compared to semiconductor-based solid state disk drives (SSDs). However, they also suffer from low energy efficiency and low speed, due to the requirement for mechanical motion in order to access the data. In my thesis, I will first give a brief introduction to the motivation and background in the study of magnetic domain walls (DWs), which have attracted great attention due to their ability to be moved by field and/or current and corresponding potential applications in high speed memory or logic devices. I will then discuss how to geometrically control the behaviors of DWs in a ferromagnetic nanowire. I will first discuss how natural geometry distortions such as edge tapering from sputtering on an undercut resist profile and wire width variation from the patterning process would affect DW behavior, including static configurations, stability and dynamics under current pulsing. I will then discuss how similar geometrical effects will affect the properties of materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). The same geometry modulation will have different effects depending on the origin of the PMA. Such results are confirmed by observing the magnetic reversal process. Besides the study on 180DWs, we will then discuss the field and current effects on 360 degree DWs (360DWs), which have many unique properties compared to 180DWs and are an alternative candidate for DW based devices. I will then discuss control of 360DW behavior by designing a geometrical heterostructure. We have found that by utilizing the asymmetric Oersted field originated from the heterostructure, we are able to control the 360DWs depending on their chirality. The structure can function as a 360DW chirality filter, which provides extra freedom in DW-based applications. These studies were conducted by a combination of micromagnetic simulations and experimental implementations. Techniques being used including OOMMF micromagnetic simulations, Comsolfinite element simulations, electrical measurements, magnetic force microscopy and other characterization techniques.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Jinshuo Zhang.en_US
dc.format.extent168 pagesen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsMIT theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed, downloaded, or printed from this source but further reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582en_US
dc.subjectMaterials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.titleGeometrical control of domain walls and the study of domain wall properties of materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropyen_US
dc.title.alternativeGeometrical control of DWs and the study of DW properties of materials with PMAen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc986492267en_US


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