Photonic crystal cavity with self-similar structure and single-photon Kerr nonlinearities
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Dirk R. Englund.
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We propose a design of photonic crystal cavity with self-similar electromagnetic boundary conditions, that achieve ultrasmall mode volume (Vff). The electric energy density of a cavity mode can be maximized in the air or dielectric region, depending on the choice of boundary conditions. We illustrate the design concept with a silicon-air ID photon crystal cavity that reaches an ultrasmall mode volume of Vff ~ 7.01 x 10- 5 [lambda]3 at [lambda] ~ 1550 nm. We show that the extreme light concentration in our design can enable ultra-strong Kerr nonlinearities, even at the single photon level. These features open new directions in cavity quantum electrodynamics, spectroscopy, and quantum nonlinear optics.
Thesis: S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2017.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 31-34).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.