Verifying an I/O-concurrent file system
Verifying an Input/Output-concurrent file system
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
M. Frans Kaashoek and Nickolai Zeldovich.
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Systems software is a good target for verification due to its prevalent usage and its complexity, which can lead to tricky bugs that are hard to test for. One source of complexity in systems software is concurrency, but thus far verification techniques have struggled to enable large-scale verification of concurrent systems. This thesis contributes a verified file system, CIO-FSCQ, with I/O concurrency: if a file system call experiences a miss in the buffer cache and starts a disk I/O, the file system overlaps the I/O with the execution of another file system call. CIO-FSCQ re-uses the implementation, specifications, and proofs of an existing verified sequential file, FSCQ, and turns it into an I/O-concurrent file system. This re-use is enabled by CIO-FSCQ's optimistic system calls. An optimistic system call runs sequentially if all the data it needs is in the buffer cache. If some data is not in the cache, CIO-FSCQ issues I/Os to retrieve the data from disk and returns an error code. In the miss case, a system call wrapper reverts any partial changes and yields the processor so that another system call can run in parallel with the I/O. CIO-FSCQ retries the system call later, at which point the data is likely in the buffer cache. A directory-isolation protocol guarantees that FSCQ's specifications and proofs can be re-used even if optimistic system calls are retried. An evaluation of CIO-FSCQ shows that it speeds up a simple file-system workload by overlapping disk I/O with computation, and that the effort of building and verifying CIO-FSCQ is small compared to the effort of verifying FSCQ.
Thesis: S.M. in Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2017.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 67-71).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.