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dc.contributor.advisorMark M. Jarzombek.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBentel, Carol Ruscheen_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Architecture.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-11T19:59:45Z
dc.date.available2017-05-11T19:59:45Z
dc.date.copyright2017en_US
dc.date.issued2017en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/108996
dc.descriptionThesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Architecture, 2017.en_US
dc.descriptionVolume 2 only available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (volume 1, pages 353-376).en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation examines a building program for Fascist headquarters, or Case del Fascio, established by the Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF) during the years of Italian Fascism, from 1922 to 1943. The PNF planned over 11,000 buildings by 1943 on the Italian mainland and in their colonial territories. This examination is a chronological study of these buildings demonstrating that the PNF expressed its political messages in built-form. Between 1919 and 1943, the PNF developed its political ideology, documented in the Statute of 1921, and its modifications in 1926, 1929, 1932, and 1938. The PNF building program mirrored their constantly modified political goals, as well as the PNF's decisions in areas of culture, religion, and foreign policy. The physical form of the Casa del Fascio embodied the PNF's evolving character that changed from fringe to progressive, to dominant, to authoritarian and militaristic. While the politicians developed programmatic needs for the PNF headquarters building, many architects developed their own consensus about its design from articles in their professional periodicals. Journalists featured PNF sponsored competitions for Case del Fascio, Palazzi del Littorio, and Torri Littorie - all versions or components of the developing headquarters building. Wide spread participation of architects in national competitions for fascist headquarters allowed architects to observe other solutions and offer their interpretations. Articles and newsreels of building inaugurations aided the architect's view of the PNF's preferred examples. What began as a clandestine meeting space evolved into a building that could be identified at a distance as a Casa del Fascio - a symbol of the PNF, if not Mussolini, himself. However, no one model stood as the template for the new political building. Variations in form, plan configuration, and aesthetics continued until the PNF's 1943 demise, despite the 1936 "Declaration of the Empire" and the PNF's association with Germany - which would have suggested a government-sanctioned "monumental Roman" model. The outcome reveals that architects had unusually strong design control. My study is a chronological analysis, using over 4,000 architectural examples, overlaid with the changing ideology of the PNF, which reveals the reactive design interpretations by professional architects during the Ventennio.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Carol Rusche Bentel.en_US
dc.format.extent2 volumes (662 pages)en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.relation.requiresCDROM contains the whole thesis in PDF format.en_US
dc.rightsMIT theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed, downloaded, or printed from this source but further reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582en_US
dc.subjectArchitecture.en_US
dc.titleAddressing the people : Architecture as a medium of the fascist narrative of national identity, Case del Fascio, 1922-1943en_US
dc.title.alternativeArchitecture as a medium of the fascist narrative of national identity, Case del Fascio, 1922-1943en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Architecture.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc986528794en_US


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