Learning hierarchical motif embeddings for protein engineering
Program in Media Arts and Sciences (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Joseph M. Jacobson.
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This thesis lays the foundation for an integrated machine learning framework for the evolutionary analysis, search and design of proteins, based on a hierarchical decomposition of proteins into a set of functional motif embeddings. We introduce, CoMET - Convolutional Motif Embeddings Tool, a machine learning framework that allows the automated extraction of nonlinear motif representations from large sets of protein sequences. At the core of CoMET, lies a Deep Convolutional Neural Network, trained to learn a basis set of motif embeddings by minimizing any desired objective function. CoMET is successfully trained to extract all known motifs across Transcription Factors and CRISPR Associated proteins, without requiring any prior knowledge about the nature of the motifs or their distribution. We demonstrate that motif embeddings can model efficiently inter- and intra- family relationships. Furthermore, we provide novel protein meta-family clusters, formed by taking into account a hierarchical conserved motif phylogeny for each protein instead of a single ultra-conserved region. Lastly, we investigate the generative ability of CoMET and develop computational methods that allow the directed evolution of proteins towards altered or novel functions. We trained a highly accurate predictive model on the DNA recognition code of the Type II restriction enzymes. Based on the promising prediction results, we used the trained models to generate de novo restriction enzymes and paved the way towards the computational design of a restriction enzyme that will cut a given arbitrary DNA sequence with high precision.
Thesis: S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2017.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 75-79).
DepartmentProgram in Media Arts and Sciences (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Program in Media Arts and Sciences ()