Transition metal-facilitated C-C and C-F bond forming
Author(s)Perry, Ian B. (Ian Brooks)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry.
Stephen L. Buchwald.
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Chapter 1. Copper-Catalyzed Asymmetric Addition of Olefin-Derived Nucleophiles to Ketones A copper (I) catalyzed coupling olefins and ketones has been developed for the diastereo- and enantioselective generation of homopropargyl alcohols bearing vicinal stereocenters. This method allows for the generation of enantioenriched tertiary alcohols with a high degree of functional group compatibility. The utility of the process is further illustrated by a large scale synthesis with extremely low catalyst loading as well as the late stage modification of several pharmaceuticals. Chapter 2. Copper-Catalyzed Enantioselective Addition of Styrene-Derived Nucleophiles to Imines We describe the catalytic generation of amines bearing vicinal stereocenters with a moderate degree of diastereoselectivity. The stereoselective hydrocupration of an unactivated olefinic component is followed by nucleophilic addition of the organocuprate to an N-phosphinoyl protected imine. The mild and general process tolerates a broad-range of functionality, and the process was shown to be successful at a gram-scale synthesis. Chapter 3. Palladium-facilitated Regioselective Nucleophilic Fluorination of Aryl and Heteroaryl Halides. The preliminary findings regarding an aryl and heteroaryl halide fluorination process facilitated by palladium as a reagent is described. Stoichiometric studies illustrate the utility of the method in producing aryl fluorides with unprecedented regioselectivity, and preliminary studies into the fluorination of five- and six-membered heteroaryl bromides are described. Halogen atom substitution as a route to irreversible oxidative addition of aryl and heteroaryl halides is discussed. This strategy may serve to facilitate the fluorination of particularly problematic heteroaryl bromide and chloride substrates.
Thesis: S.B., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, 2017.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis. "June 2017."Includes bibliographical references.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology