Feeling is believing : viewing movies through emotional arcs
Author(s)Chu, Eric,S.M.Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Viewing movies through emotional arcs
Program in Media Arts and Sciences (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
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This thesis uses machine learning methods to construct emotional arcs in movies, calculate families of arcs, and demonstrate the ability for certain arcs to predict audience engagement. The system is applied to Hollywood films and high quality shorts found on the web. We begin by harnessing deep convolutional neural networks for audio and visual sentiment analysis. These models are trained on both new and existing large-scale datasets, after which they can be used to compute separate audio and visual emotional arcs for any video. We then crowd source annotations for 30-second video clips extracted from highs and lows in the arcs in order to assess the micro-level precision of the system. Precision is measured in terms of agreement in polarity between the system's predictions and annotators' ratings. The final model combining audio and visual features achieves a precision of 0.894. Next, we look at macro-level characterizations of movies by investigating whether there exist 'universal shapes' of emotional arcs. In particular, we develop a clustering approach to discover distinct classes of emotional arcs. Finally, we show on a sample corpus of short web videos that certain emotional arcs are statistically significant predictors of the number of comments a video receives. These results suggest that the emotional arcs learned by our approach successfully represent macroscopic aspects of a video story that drive audience engagement. Such machine understanding could be used to predict audience reactions to video stories, ultimately improving our ability as storytellers to communicate with each other.
Thesis: S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2017Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 121-126).
DepartmentProgram in Media Arts and Sciences (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Program in Media Arts and Sciences ()