Simple linear classifiers via discrete optimization : learning certifiably optimal scoring systems for decision-making and risk assessment
Author(s)Ustun, Berk (Tevfik Berk)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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Scoring systems are linear classification models that let users make quick predictions by adding, subtracting, and multiplying a few small numbers. These models are widely used in applications where humans have traditionally made decisions because they are easy to understand and validate. In spite of extensive deployment, many scoring systems are still built using ad hoc approaches that combine statistical techniques, heuristics, and expert judgement. Such approaches impose steep trade-offs with performance, making it difficult for practitioners to build scoring systems that will be used and accepted. In this dissertation, we present two new machine learning methods to learn scoring systems from data: Supersparse Linear Integer Models (SLIM) for decision-making applications; and Risk-calibrated Supersparse Linear Integer Models (RiskSLIM) for risk assessment applications. Both SLIM and RiskSLIM solve discrete optimization problems to learn scoring systems that are fully optimized for feature selection, small integer coefficients, and operational constraints. We formulate these problems as integer programming problems and develop specialized algorithms to recover certifiably optimal solutions with an integer programming solver. We illustrate the benefits of this approach by building scoring systems for realworld problems such as recidivism prediction, sleep apnea screening, ICU seizure prediction, and adult ADHD diagnosis. Our results show that a discrete optimization approach can learn simple models that perform well in comparison to the state-of-the-art, but that are far easier to customize, understand, and validate.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2017.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 203-221).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.