Theoretical study of two prediction-centric problems : graphical model learning and recommendations
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Lizhong Zheng and Guy Bresler.
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Motivated by prediction-centric learning problems, two problems are discussed in this thesis. PART I. Learning a tree-structured Ising model: We study the problem of learning a tree Ising model from samples such that subsequent predictions based on partial observations are accurate. Virtually all previous work on graphical model learning has focused on recovering the true underlying graph. We dene a distance ("small set TV" or ssTV) between distributions P and Q by taking the maximum, over all subsets S of a given size, of the total variation between the marginals of P and Q on S; this distance captures the accuracy of the prediction task of interest. We derive non-asymptotic bounds on the number of samples needed to get a distribution (from the same class) with small ssTV relative to the one generating the samples. An implication is that far fewer samples are needed for accurate predictions than for recovering the underlying tree. PART II. Optimal online algorithms for a latent variable model of recommendation systems: We consider an online model for recommendation systems, with each user being recommended an item at each time-step and providing 'like' or 'dislike' feedback. The user preferences are specified via a latent variable model: both users and items are clustered into types. The model captures structure in both the item and user spaces, and our focus is on simultaneous use of both structures. In the case when the type preference matrix is randomly generated, we provide a sharp analysis of the best possible regret obtainable by any algorithm.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2017.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Cataloged from student-submitted PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 177-184).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.