Active deformation of the Shargyn Basin, a transpressional strike-slip intersection in western Mongolia
Author(s)Thompson, Thomas Ben
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences.
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Intraplate faulting in central Asia is a major component of the Indo-Eurasian collision. The kinematics and mechanisms of intraplate deformation are important in understanding broad active tectonic patterns, reconstructing past tectonics, analyzing seismic hazard and identifying potential resources. We examine the fault kinematics surrounding the 150 km wide Shargyn Basin at the intersection of the left-lateral transpressional Gobi-Altai fault system and the right-lateral transpressional Altai fault system. The studies were performed using satellite data and targeted field transects. The results suggest the Shargyn basin is formed by a compressional stepover, an uplifted wedge from the intersecting strike-slip systems and many strike-slip terminating thrust splays. Furthermore, local foliation is almost always fault parallel, pointing to the importance of pre-existing structural weaknesses in the development of active faults. This research demonstrates some of the potential kinematics for intraplate transpressional orogenies and emphasizes the importance of pre-existing crustal structure in the development of active faults.
Thesis: S.B., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, 2013."June 2013." Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 37-41).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences.