Finite element comparison for a geologically motivated benchmark
Author(s)Peters, Teresa Baker, 1981-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences.
Bradford H. Hager.
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Geologic deformation in three dimensions can be modeled using finite element analysis. In choosing the elements used to solve a model it is important to consider the accuracy of the solution and the computational intensity. The results for models using six element types and six element side lengths are compared for the accuracy of the displacements calculated by the solution and the number of nodes required, as a proxy for computational intensity. Elements that allow higher order solutions are much more accurate than elements that only allow linear interpolation of the stresses and displacements between nodes; however the number of nodes required is five times greater. Free-form meshes do not significantly improve the performance of tetrahedra for the models tested, but could be accurate enough to model curved problem geometries. Comparisons for other models, such as a thrust fault, can be made using a twodimensional simplification of the three-dimensional problem. If three-dimensional comparisons are required it is important to choose a model that has an analytical solution.
Thesis: S.B., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, 2003.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (page 22).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences.