Full core 3D neutron transport simulation using the method of characteristics with linear sources
Author(s)Gunow, Geoffrey Alexander
Full core 3-dimensional neutron transport simulation using the method of characteristics with linear sources
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering.
Kord Smith and Benoit Forget.
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The development of high fidelity multi-group neutron transport-based simulation tools for full core Light Water Reactor (LWR) analysis has been a long-standing goal of the reactor physics community. While direct transport simulations have previously been far too computationally expensive, advances in computer hardware have allowed large scale simulations to become feasible. Therefore, many have focused on developing full core neutron transport solvers that do not incorporate the approximations and assumptions of traditional nodal diffusion solvers. Due to the computational expense of direct full core 3D deterministic neutron transport methods, many have focused on 2D/1D methods which solve 3D problems as a coupled system of radial and axial transport problems. However, the coupling of radial and axial problems also introduces approximations. Instead, the work in this thesis focuses on explicitly solving the 3D deterministic neutron transport equations with the Method of Characteristics (MOC). MOC has been widely used for 2D lattice physics calculations due to its ability to accurately and efficiently simulate reactor physics problems with explicit geometric detail. The work in this thesis strives to overcome the significant computational cost of solving the 3D MOC equations by implementing efficient track generation, axially extruded ray tracing, Coarse Mesh Finite Difference (CMFD) acceleration, linear track-based source approximations, and scalable domain decomposition. Transport-corrected cross-sections are used to account for anisotropic without needing to store angular-dependent sources. Additionally, significant attention has been given to complications that arise in full core simulations with transport-corrected cross-sections. The convergence behavior of transport methods is analyzed, leading to a new strategy for stabilizing the source iteration scheme for neutron transport simulations. The methods are incorporated into the OpenMOC reactor physics code and simulation results are presented for the full core BEAVRS LWR benchmark. Parameter refinement studies and comparisons with reference OpenMC Monte Carlo solutions show that converged full core 3D MOC simulations are feasible on modern supercomputers for the first time.
Thesis: Ph. D. in Computational Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, 2018.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Cataloged from student-submitted PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 269-274).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Nuclear Science and Engineering.