Adding identity to device-free localization systems
Author(s)Hristov, Rumen (Rumen H.)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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Recent advances in wireless localization systems show that by transmitting a wireless signal and analyzing its reflections, one can localize a person and track her vital signs without any wearables. These systems can localize with high accuracy even when multiple people are present in the environment. However, a primary limitation is that they cannot identify people and know who is the monitored person. In this thesis, we present a system for identifying people based only on their wireless reflection with high accuracy. We use a semi-supervised learning classifier to assign labels to each person tracked by the device-free localization system. We use recent advances in machine learning to leverage the big amount of unsupervised data that we have. A key challenge that we solve is obtaining labels that are used for guiding the classifier. To get labeled data, we devised a novel scheme to combine data from a sensor that people are carrying with data from a wireless localization system. We deployed and evaluated our system in people's homes. We present a case study of how it can be helpful to monitor people's health more effectively.
Thesis: M. Eng., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2017.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Cataloged from student-submitted PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 57-59).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.