ENERGY REQUIREMENT OF ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DESALINATING GROUNDWATER FOR IRRIGATION
Author(s)Nayar, Kishor Govind; Wright, Natasha Catherine; Thiel, Gregory P.; Winter, Amos G.; Lienhard, John H
MetadataShow full item record
Increased global water demand coupled with limited water resources has led to acute water shortage in many regions, significantly affecting a griculture, which is the world’s largest consumer of water. Groundwater resources are thus increasingly being used to meet irrigation requirements. However, groundwater resources around the world tend to be saline ( 0.5 ≤ S ≤ 5 g/kg ) rquiring desalination before use. Furthermore, with decreasing water availability, demands for producing permeate from the feed at higher recoveries (>85%) is also increasing. In this work, a thermodynamic least work analysis for desalination and pumping ground water is developed first. Then, the actual energy required by high recovery desalination technologies such as brackish water reverse osmosis (RO), closed circuit reverse osmosis (CCRO) and electrodialysis reversal (EDR) are compared with the thermodynamic least work of desalination from 50-95% recovery. CCRO consumed the least energy until a recovery of 92% after which EDR consumed the least energy. While the energy required for RO and CCRO changed with recovery, EDR energy consumption remained approximately constant at 0.85 kWh/m³. Water table depth was also found to significantly contribute to the total energy consumed, with the power required to pump groundwater being comparable to the desalination power requirements at water table depths greater than 50 m. Thus, the choice of selection of desalination technologies is particularly crucial for water table depths less than 50 m.
DepartmentMIT-SUTD Collaboration; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
The International Desalination Association World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse 2015
The International Desalination Association
Nayar, Kishor Govind, Natasha C. Wright, Gregory P. Thiel, Amos G. Winter V, John H. Lienhard V. "Energy requirement of alternative technologies for desalination groundwater for irrigation." The International Desalination Association World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse 2015, San Diego, August 30-September 4 2015, IDAWC15-Nayar-b.
Author's final manuscript