Linearization of Nongray Radiation Exchange: The Internal Fractional Function Reconsidered
Author(s)Lienhard, John H
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The radiation fractional function is the fraction of black body radiation below a given value of λT. Edwards and others have distinguished between the traditional, or “external,” radiation fractional function and an “internal” radiation fractional function. The latter is used for linearization of net radiation from a nongray surface when the temperature of an effectively black environment is not far from the surface's temperature, without calculating a separate total absorptivity. This paper examines the analytical approximation involved in the internal fractional function, with results given in terms of the incomplete zeta function. A rigorous upper bound on the difference between the external and internal emissivity is obtained. Calculations using the internal emissivity are compared to exact calculations for several models and materials. A new approach to calculating the internal emissivity is developed, yielding vastly improved accuracy over a wide range of temperature differences. The internal fractional function should be used for evaluating radiation thermal resistances, in particular.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Robust Design Group; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Journal of Heat Transfer
Lienhard, John H., V. "Linearization of Nongray Radiation Exchange: The Internal Fractional Function Reconsidered." Journal of Heat Transfer 141, 5 (March 2019): 052701
Final published version