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dc.contributor.advisorMichael A. Cusumano.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKagami, Ayano.en_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering and Management Program.en_US
dc.contributor.otherSystem Design and Management Program.en_US
dc.coverage.spatialn-us---a-ja---en_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-17T19:50:21Z
dc.date.available2019-09-17T19:50:21Z
dc.date.copyright2019en_US
dc.date.issued2019en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/122248
dc.descriptionThesis: S.M. in Engineering and Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, System Design and Management Program, 2019en_US
dc.descriptionCataloged from PDF version of thesis.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (pages 173-178).en_US
dc.description.abstractMany regions and cities, including in Japan, are interested in developing a biotech startup ecosystem. Therefore, there are several strategies and policy instruments in Japan to promote medical research and development and collaboration among universities and industries, and to foster entrepreneurship in Japanese society. However, a startup ecosystem is a complicated system because there are many stakeholders and many ways of interactions among them. For this reason, it is assumed that the coordination of many factors, such as governments' policies and the academic and industrial environment, is required to develop the ecosystem. The Greater Boston area, where MIT is located, is a world-renowned biotech cluster. Many countries and cities have been trying to imitate this cluster, but just copying the ecosystem might not work in other cities because the environment surrounding the ecosystem is different from cluster to cluster.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn this study, we analyze and compare the biotech startup ecosystems in the U.S. (Greater Boston and San Francisco Bay Area) and Japan (Tokyo (Kanto region) and Kyoto (Kinki region)) in order to understand the key factors required for developing the ecosystem and to get insights for developing an ecosystem in Japan. We also analyze universities locating within these areas from the standpoint of the interface machinery between academic research and industry. In the analysis, we compare the stakeholders and their network in each cluster and explore the advantages and challenges of Japanese clusters. For universities, we also compare the system of managing the intersection of academic researchers and industries in each university and explore the functions and features of offices involved in the system.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe results of the analysis suggest that the Japanese biotech startup ecosystems have several challenges: the weakness of the network among stakeholders and of the support system for startups; the low level of entrepreneurship and of opportunities to foster it; and the limitation in the capital available. These challenges exist even though there is strong support from the governments and there are well-organized systems in universities for supporting not only collaboration with industry but also startups and student entrepreneurship. Therefore, taking advantage of the system in universities and utilizing them as the community and/or platform for stakeholders in the ecosystem, including the promotion of entrepreneurial education, might help Japanese clusters to develop successful biotech startup ecosystems.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Ayano Kagami.en_US
dc.format.extent178 pagesen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsMIT theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed, downloaded, or printed from this source but further reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582en_US
dc.subjectEngineering and Management Program.en_US
dc.subjectSystem Design and Management Program.en_US
dc.titleAnalysis and comparison of the biotech startup ecosystem in the United States and Japanen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreeS.M. in Engineering and Managementen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering and Management Programen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSystem Design and Management Programen_US
dc.identifier.oclc1119537403en_US
dc.description.collectionS.M.inEngineeringandManagement Massachusetts Institute of Technology, System Design and Management Programen_US
dspace.imported2019-09-17T19:50:19Zen_US
mit.thesis.degreeMasteren_US
mit.thesis.departmentSysDesen_US


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