Discrete-continuous optimization for robot perception via semidefinite relaxation
Author(s)Hu, Siyi,S.M.Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
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In this thesis, we propose polynomial-time algorithms based on semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation to find approximate solutions to nonconvex problems arising in two fields of robot perception, semantic segmentation and robust pose graph optimization. Compared with other inference techniques, SDP relaxation have shown to provide accurate estimate with provable sub-optimality guarantees without relying on an initial guess for optimization. On the downside, general SDP solvers scale poorly in terms of time and memory with the problem size. However, for problems admitting low-rank solutions, low-rank solvers and smooth Riemannian optimization can speed up computation significantly. Along this direction, the first contribution is two fast and scalable techniques for inference in Markov Random Fields (MRFs). MRFs are a popular model for several pattern recognition and reconstruction problems in robotics and computer vision, but are intractable to solve in general. The first technique, named Dual Ascent Riemannian Staircase (DARS), is able to solve large problem instances in seconds. The second technique, named Fast Unconstrained SEmidefinite Solver (FUSES), utilizes a novel SDP relaxation and is able to solve similar problems in milliseconds. We benchmark both techniques in multi-class image segmentation problems against state-of-the-art MRF solvers and show that both techniques achieves comparable accuracy with the best existing solver while FUSES is much faster. Building on top of MRF models, our second contribution is a Discrete-Continuous Graphical Model (DC-GM) that combines discrete binary labeling with standard least-square pose graph optimization to identify and reject spurious measurements for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM). We then perform inference in the DC-GM via semidefinite relaxation. Experiment results on synthetic and real benchmarking datasets show that the proposed approach compares favorably with state-of-the-art methods.
Thesis: S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2019Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 85-90).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Aeronautics and Astronautics.