Adaptive Neural Signal Detection for Massive MIMO
Author(s)Khani Shirkoohi, Mehrdad.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) is a key enabler for fifth generation (5G) cellular communication systems. Massive MIMO gives rise to challenging signal detection problems for which traditional detectors are either impractical or suffer from performance limitations. Recent work has proposed several learning approaches to MIMO detection with promising results on simple channel models (e.g., i.i.d. Gaussian entries). However, we find that the performance of these schemes degrades significantly in real-world scenarios in which the channels of different receivers are spatially correlated. The root of this poor performance is that these schemes either do not exploit the problem structure (requiring models with millions of training parameters), or are overly-constrained to mimic algorithms that require very specific assumptions about the channel matrix. We propose MMNet, a deep learning MIMO detection scheme that significantly outperforms existing approaches on realistic channel matrices with the same or lower computational complexity. MMNet's design builds on the theory of iterative soft-thresholding algorithms to identify the right degree of model complexity, and it uses a novel training algorithm that leverages temporal and frequency locality of channel matrices at a receiver to accelerate training. Together, these innovations allow MMNet to train online for every realization of the channel. On i.i.d. Gaussian channels, MMNet requires 2 orders of magnitude fewer operations than existing deep learning schemes but achieves near-optimal performance. On spatially-correlated realistic channels, MMNet achieves the same error rate as the next-best learning scheme (OAMPNet ) at 2.5dB lower Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) and with at least lOx less computational complexity. MMNet is also 4-8dB better overall than a classic linear scheme like the minimum mean square error (MMSE) detector.
Thesis: S.M. in Computer Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2019Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 55-58).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.