Reduction of total production cost through the use of safety stock and process improvements
Author(s)Pellegrini, Jacob Philip.
Sloan School of Management.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Leaders for Global Operations Program.
Daniel Whitney, Timothy Gutowski, and Steven Spear.
MetadataShow full item record
In an ideal production system, supply exactly meets demand. Instantaneous, correct quantities arrive exactly at the right location when needed. However, real-world production systems often have variability- a change in the quantity demanded, a broken part, a shipping delay for a snow storm. The variability can be random, so companies are left with a dilemma: too little inventory buffer and a shortage may occur; too much inventory and capital is unnecessarily tied up in inventory sitting on the shelves. Using research conducted at the Boeing 737 program as a case study, this thesis proposes the application of a multi-step approach to optimize the total cost of the production system, balancing holding cost (inventory) with the disruption cost of a shortage. The initial pilot shows that small increases in inventory can have an order of magnitude of cost avoidance. The methodology includes system observation, qualitative interviews with Boeing employees, quantitative data gathering and analysis, proposed changes, and measured results. First, the historical supply and demand variability of the system is identified. Second, the cost of a shortage is estimated for the system. Next, an analytical approach to set safety stock levels is applied to balance the cost of inventory held with the cost of a shortage. By reducing the variability in the system, inventory levels can be reduced while maintaining the service levels. This process is then repeated at regular intervals to optimize the total cost of the system, balancing inventory holding cost and the disruption cost of a shortage.
Thesis: M.B.A., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management, 2019, In conjunction with the Leaders for Global Operations Program at MITThesis: S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2019, In conjunction with the Leaders for Global Operations Program at MITCataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 76-77).
DepartmentSloan School of Management; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering; Leaders for Global Operations Program
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Sloan School of Management., Mechanical Engineering., Leaders for Global Operations Program.