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dc.contributor.advisorMattew A. Wilson.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKang, Soyeon,S.M.Massachusetts Institute of Technology.en_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-22T00:08:46Z
dc.date.available2019-11-22T00:08:46Z
dc.date.copyright2018en_US
dc.date.issued2018en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/123057
dc.descriptionThesis: S.M. in Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, 2018en_US
dc.descriptionCataloged from PDF version of thesis.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (pages 48-51).en_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis investigates the first language acquisition of scalar inferences from Korean particle -cocha 'even.' Based on the fact that also evokes the same existential inference with even, and that also and even have the same focus scope in Korean, this thesis compares the acquisition of Korean -cocha 'even' with -to 'also' to provide a more elaborated explanation of scalar inference acquisition. Three experiments - one felicity judgement task, and two preference tasks - were conducted to answer the following research questions: i) when Korean-speaking children are able to make scalar inferences from -cocha 'even'; ii) whether Korean-speaking children are able to correctly assign the scope of -to 'also' and -cocha 'even' to the subject or the object; iii) which step of the even scalar inference process causes children's difficulty. As a result, it was found that Korean-speaking children are able to draw existential inferences at the age of 9 to 10, but still have difficulty in making scalar inferences from even. Next, Korean-speaking children had difficulty in correctly assigning the scope of also and even to the subject or the object even though Korean focus particles are not governed by the c-command rule. Additionally, presenting an alternative phrase facilitated children's process of scalar inferences, as the reference-set hypothesis predicts. Finally, children even at the age of 3 and 4 had the cognitive ability to arrange the elements of a set according to probability. In conclusion, children do not have the semantic ability to associate even with 'the lowest probability,' and syntactic ability to find what is focused by even. Consequently, children cannot create a set containing the focused phrase and alternative phrases although they already have the cognitive ability to compute probability and arrange the elements of the set in order of probability.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Soyeon Kang.en_US
dc.format.extent51 pagesen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsMIT theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed, downloaded, or printed from this source but further reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582en_US
dc.subjectBrain and Cognitive Sciences.en_US
dc.titleThe first language acquisition of scalar inferences from -Cocha 'Even' by Korean-speaking childrenen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreeS.M. in Cognitive Scienceen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciencesen_US
dc.identifier.oclc1127290426en_US
dc.description.collectionS.M.inCognitiveScience Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciencesen_US
dspace.imported2019-11-22T00:08:45Zen_US
mit.thesis.degreeMasteren_US
mit.thesis.departmentBrainen_US


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