## Arboreal representations, sectional monodromy groups, and abelian varieties over finite fields

##### Author(s)

Kadets, Borys.
Download1191267038-MIT.pdf (703.4Kb)

##### Other Contributors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mathematics.

##### Advisor

Bjorn Poonen.

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Show full item record##### Abstract

This thesis consists of three independent parts. The first part studies arboreal representations of Galois groups - an arithmetic dynamics analogue of Tate modules - and proves some large image results, in particular confirming a conjecture of Odoni. Given a field K, a separable polynomial [mathematical expression], and an element [mathematical expression], the full backward orbit [mathematical expression] has a natural action of the Galois group [mathematical expression]. For a fixed [mathematical expression] with [mathematical expression] and for most choices of t, the orbit [mathematical expression] has the structure of complete rooted [mathematical expression]. The Galois action on [mathematical expression] thus defines a homomorphism [mathematical expression]. The map [mathematical expression] is the arboreal representation attached to f and t. In analogy with Serre's open image theorem, one expects [mathematical expression] to hold for most f, t, but until very recently for most degrees d not a single example of a degree d polynomial [mathematical expression] with surjective [mathematical expression],t was known. Among other results, we construct such examples in all sufficiently large even degrees. The second part concerns monodromy of hyperplane section of curves. Given a geometrically integral proper curve [mathematical expression], consider the generic hyperplane [mathematical expression]. The intersection [mathematical expression] is the spectrum of a finite separable field extension [mathematical expression] of degree [mathematical expression]. The Galois group [mathematical expression] is known as the sectional monodromy group of X. When char K = 0, the group [mathematical expression] equals [mathematical expression] for all curves X. This result has numerous applications in algebraic geometry, in particular to the degree-genus problem. However, when char K > 0, the sectional monodromy groups can be smaller. We classify all nonstrange nondegenerate curves [mathematical expression], for [mathematical expression] such that [mathematical expression]. Using similar methods we also completely classify Galois group of generic trinomials, a problem studied previously by Abhyankar, Cohen, Smith, and Uchida. In part three of the thesis we derive bounds for the number of [mathematical expression]-points on simple abelian varieties over finite fields; these improve upon the Weil bounds. For example, when q = 3, 4 the Weil bound gives [ .. ] for all abelian varieties A. We prove that [mathematical expression], [mathematical expression] hold for all but finitely many simple abelian varieties A (with an explicit list of exceptions).

##### Description

Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mathematics, May, 2020 Cataloged from the official PDF of thesis. Includes bibliographical references (pages 93-97).

##### Date issued

2020##### Department

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mathematics##### Publisher

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

##### Keywords

Mathematics.