Utilizing Economic Value, Resource Availability, and Environmental Impact Metrics to Improve the WEEE and Battery Directives and Promote Alignment with the European Commission Circular Economy Strategy
Author(s)Ford, Patrick Benjamin; Santos, Eduardo; Ferrão, Paulo; Margarido, Fernanda; Van Vliet, Krystyn J; Olivetti, Elsa A.; ... Show more Show less
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Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) provides complex challenges and unique opportunities for maximizing resource efficiency in the European Union (EU). This is due in part to the increasing volume, complexity, and value, and decreasing life cycles of such items. Current EU regulations, specifically the WEEE Directive and Battery Directive, focus on the end-of-life management of electronics and the impact of device design and material composition on environmental and human health. While these Directives are robust, the mass-based metrics on which they are focused can lead to a loss of materials that are impactful from an economic, resource availability, and environmental perspective. There is a need for increased research on the impact of these Directives on the availability of secondary raw materials and for an alignment of the WEEE Directive with the European Commission’s Circular Economy Strategy. This can facilitate the development of more holistic policies based on the complete life cycle of devices and all stakeholders involved in its design, manufacturing, use, reuse, repair, and recycling.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute for Data, Systems, and Society
Springer International Publishing
Ford, Patrick et al. "Utilizing Economic Value, Resource Availability, and Environmental Impact Metrics to Improve the WEEE and Battery Directives and Promote Alignment with the European Commission Circular Economy Strategy." REWAS 2016, edited by Kirchain, R. E. et al., Springer, 2016, 289-295. © 2016 The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Author's final manuscript