Low-toxicity, earth-abundant nanomaterials for photoluminescence or magnetic resonance
Author(s)Hansen, Eric Calvin.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry.
Moungi G. Bawendi.
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Many recently-developed molecular, nanoscale, or macroscale materials intended for energy and medical science application are composed of toxic and/or rare elements, and are therefore unlikely to be commercially translated. In response, this thesis will explore the design, synthesis, characterization, and application of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) contrast agents (CAs) and photoluminescent nanocrystals (NCs) based on Earth-abundant, non-toxic elements. For instance, many colloidal semiconductor NCs show bright, tunable photoluminescence (PL) useful for displays and photovoltaics, but often contain highly-toxic Cadmium (Cd) and/or Lead (Pb). Analogously, clinically-available Gadolinium based (Gd-based) MRI CAs have been found to accumulate in the brain and other organs, even for healthy patients.[1, 2, 3] Although the toxicity of retained Gd-based CAs is not fully understood, a solution containing an endogenous metal (such as Iron³⁺ (Fe³⁺)) is a safer option. This thesis is divided into two themes: MRI CAs and photoluminescent NCs. First, we will explore a nanoparticle-based (NP-based) MRI CA and its in vivo efficacy. Next, small molecule Iron-containing complexes based on Iron chelation therapy drugs will be described. Changing direction, chemical study and optimization of Indium-based (In-based) ternary NCs will be presented. Finally, synthesis of Aluminum-containing (Al-containing) defective NCs (DNCs) and respective photophysical processes will be reported. The results presented here provide a starting point for realization of translatable nanomaterials for light downconversion or MRI contrast.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, 2020Cataloged from the PDF of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 111-119).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
Massachusetts Institute of Technology