Learning distributions of transformations from small datasets for applied image synthesis
Author(s)Zhao, Amy(Xiaoyu Amy)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
John V. Guttag, Frédo Durand and Adrian V. Dalca.
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Much of the recent research in machine learning and computer vision focuses on applications with large labeled datasets. However, in realistic settings, it is much more common to work with limited data. In this thesis, we investigate two applications of image synthesis using small datasets. First, we demonstrate how to use image synthesis to perform data augmentation, enabling the use of supervised learning methods with limited labeled data. Data augmentation -- typically the application of simple, hand-designed transformations such as rotation and scaling -- is often used to expand small datasets. We present a method for learning complex data augmentation transformations, producing examples that are more diverse, realistic, and useful for training supervised systems than hand-engineered augmentation. We demonstrate our proposed augmentation method for improving few-shot object classification performance, using a new dataset of collectible cards with fine-grained differences. We also apply our method to medical image segmentation, enabling the training of a supervised segmentation system using just a single labeled example. In our second application, we present a novel image synthesis task: synthesizing time lapse videos of the creation of digital and watercolor paintings. Using a recurrent model of paint strokes and a novel training scheme, we create videos that tell a plausible visual story of the painting process.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2020Cataloged from PDF of thesis. "February 2020."Includes bibliographical references (pages 75-91).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.